audiovisual education


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audiovisual education,

educational instruction by means of materials that use the senses of sight and hearing to stimulate and enrich learning experiences. The successful use of motion pictures and other visual aids in the U.S. armed forces during World War II demonstrated the effectiveness of this medium as a tool of instruction. The use of audiovisual materials—formerly confined to maps, graphs, textbook illustrations, and museum and field trips—now includes all the developments of the photographic and film industries as well as radio, sound and videotape recordings, computers, and television.

The field of programmed instructionprogrammed instruction,
method of presenting new subject matter to students in a graded sequence of controlled steps. Students work through the programmed material by themselves at their own speed and after each step test their comprehension by answering an examination question
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 employs computers and other types of audiovisual teaching machines. Many local school systems in the United States have their own film and videocassette libraries that are often supplemented by films and other media rented from universities and government offices. Business, industry, and government also use audiovisual materials for training and informational purposes.

The growth of educational television and multimedia computer programs has greatly expanded the concept of audiovisual education. In 1952 the Federal Communications Commission reserved the first channels for public educational purposes. The Public Broadcasting Act (1967) set up the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, an independent agency responsible for the distribution and support of educational television programs. With the development of closed-circuit and cable television systems, students were able to receive more specialized programming. The advent of multimediamultimedia,
in personal computing, software and applications that combine text, high-quality sound, two- and three-dimensional graphics, animation, photo images, and full-motion video.
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 computer programs made learning even more individualized, as students gained the ability to participate in the creation of their own materials and learning programs.

Bibliography

See D. Hawkridge, New Information Technology in Education (1983); R. Simpson, Effective Audio-Visuals (1987); R. Richards, Classroom Visual Activities (1988); Bowker's Complete Directory of Audio and Video Sources for Children and Young Adults (1990).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Dragan Milinkovic, Eminent university professor, producer, drama writer and Director, Serbia; Elham Shirvani, Executive Director, CIFEJ, Iran; Jarroslava Hynstova, Programmer, Zlin int'l film festival, Czech Republic, Screenwriter and director of comedy plays, Czech Republic; Hilde Steenssens, Artistic and general director of Filem'On, Belgium; Volodymyr Diagilev, Executive Director: DYTIATKO International Children's Television Festival, Ukraine; and Marta Kraus, Author and Producer of national audiovisual education programme, Director Int'l Film Festival - KINOLUB, Poland.
Patient and staff assessment of an audiovisual education tool for head and neck radiation therapy.
Audiovisual education or multimedia-based education (MBE) is instruction where particular attention is paid to the audio and visual presentation of the material with the goal of improving comprehension and retention.
1 Arromanches, 360, Audiovisual education, retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audiovisual_education
Brentano's innovative tape teaching ideas are not mentioned in Saettler's "The Evolution of American Educational Technology" (1990), DeVaney's "Voices of the Founders: Early Discourses in Educational Technology" (1996), or Butler's "Women in Audiovisual Education, 1920-1957: A Discourse Analysis" (1995).
The publications covered encompass preschool, elementary, secondary, higher, and adult education, including such specialties as audiovisual education, classroom computers, comparative education, competency-based education, educational technology, government funding, home schooling, language and linguistics, literacy standards, multicultural/ethnic education, science and mathematics, social sciences, special education, student counseling, teacher education, teacher/parent relations, and vocational education.
Sixteen key areas of education are covered by Wilson Education Abstracts, including audiovisual education, comparative education, educational technology, language and linguistics, multicultural/ethnic education, social sciences, student counseling, teacher/parent relations, classroom computers, competency-based education, government funding, literacy standards, science and mathematics, special education, teacher education, and vocational education.
This document discusses the origins of the Wayne State University program and the field of Instructional Technology and then focuses on two eras: The Era of Audiovisual Education, 1948-1963, and the Era of Instructional Technology, 1963-1998.