auk


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auk

(ôk), common name for a member of the family Alcidae (alcid family), swimming and diving birds of the N Atlantic and Pacific, which includes the guillemots and puffins. Their legs are set far back on their bodies, making them clumsy on land, where they seldom venture except to nest. The extinct, flightless great auk, Pinguinus impennis, or garefowl, represents the largest species. It was about the size of a goose, black above and grayish white below, and was formerly abundant in the N Atlantic. Slaughtered in its breeding grounds for its flesh, feathers, and oil, it became extinct c.1844. The least auklet (about 6 1-2 in./16.3 cm), common in the Bering Sea region, is the smallest of the family, and the razor-billed auk, Alca torda (16–18 in./40–45 cm), is the largest surviving member. The Eskimos hunt the dovekie (Plautus alle), or little auk, for food and use its feathered skin for clothing. Auks return to the same breeding grounds every year, and each individual goes to the very same nesting site. The single egg is laid on bare rock on cliff ledges, and incubation duties are shared by both parents. Auks are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Alcidae.

auk

[ȯk]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several large, short-necked diving birds (Alca) of the family Alcidae found along North Atlantic coasts.

auk

1. any of various diving birds of the family Alcidae of northern oceans having a heavy body, short tail, narrow wings, and a black-and-white plumage: order Charadriiformes
2. little auk a small short-billed auk, Plautus alle, abundant in Arctic regions
References in periodicals archive ?
Over the last 15 years, the Office of Alumni Affairs and Career Development at AUK has hosted annual career fairs.
that will suit AUK's ever changing business needs for years to come."
On Sunday, a Little Auk was found, not on the open coast but up the Dee estuary at Connah's Quay nature reserve.
Shell's Kieron McFadyen said: "Although the Auk and Fulmar fields are significant assets, they are no longer core to our portfolio."
This is the name given to auk chicks that make their first foray from the nesting cliffs into the sea with a huge jump, wings open.
Houses along St Kevin's Terrace in the Old Bridge area of the town were hit when the Auk stream, which comes from the Comeragh mountains and flows into the river Suir, overflowed and relief pipes were blocked.
A RARELY-SEEN great auk egg will be on show as this month's Hidden Treasure of Liverpool in the city's World Museum.
The most notorious losses were the dodo (hunted to extinction by sailors in the 17th century) and the great auk (killed for its skin and eggs in the 19th century).
Young males of the bearded tit grow hardly any so-called cloacal protuberance when isolated from females, report Andreas Sax and Herbert Hoi of the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Comparative Ethology in Vienna in the October Auk. When researchers added females, however, the protuberance began to develop.
KUWAIT, March 8 (KUNA) -- The Center for Gulf Studies (CGS) at the American University of Kuwait (AUK) will host its second Gulf Studies Symposium (GSS) on March 13-15 here entitled "Knowledge-Based Development in the Gulf." The GSS is held on a biennial basis at AUK, and brings together local, regional, and international scholars of the Gulf to engage in interdisciplinary discussions on important topics that are timely to both the region and the field of Gulf studies.