Northern European cattle breeds today derive directly from ancient Near Eastern cattle, according to his group's recent analysis of mitochondrial DNA from more than 60 modern cattle and 43 aurochs
fossils in northern Europe.
RECORD HERD AUROCHS
may be the ancestors of Northumberland's celebrated Chillingham white cattle.
Elk were almost as large as aurochs
, and along with their distant cousins, the red and roe deer, they too browsed in the forest.
, which were huge cattle with sweeping horns that once roamed the forests of Europe, have not been seen for nearly 400 years.
In a comparison of cattle mitochondrial DNA to genetic data already obtained from living bison, the scientists estimated that a common ancestor of aurochs
and bison lived at least 1 million years ago.
2] values, with environment accounting for only 8-11 per cent of the variance in roe deer and aurochs
, and only 4 per cent in red deer.
The herds at Chillingham and Cadzow are thought to have been descendants of the same ancient oxen, known as aurochs
, that once roamed the great prehistoric forest which extended from the North Sea coast to the Clyde estuary.
If wild, they are likely to be the extinct wild aurochs
(Bos primigenius) or the giant long-horned buffalo (Pelorovis antiquus).
Washington, Dec 13 (ANI): Archaeological researchers have discovered that the aurochs
, the predecessor of the present-day cow, lived in the Netherlands for longer than originally assumed.
The Chillingham Wild Cattle are thought to be descended from aurochs
, white oxen which used to roam the region's primeval woodlands.
The explanation for high levels of mobility and small group size in inland areas tends to be attributed to the emergence of forested environments over the course of the Preboreal and the nature of associated faunal species such as elk, aurochs
, red and roe deer.
Thousands of stone tools and debitage, cooked aurochs
bone, burnt flint and other signs of domestic life show that it must have been a base camp (Bishop n.