We see clearly distinct marine-oriented subsistence (primarily seal hunting) in the west Estonian islands and terrestrial subsistence in inland (elk, red deer, aurochs
, wild boar, beaver and wild horse hunting) while Narva--Luga lagoon area is a kind of mixed economy where both terrestrial and marine mammals are hunted.
Unfortunately, this kind of disappearance from history by the aurochs
are an extinct type of wild cattle that used to be found in Europe, Asia and north Africa, and were last seen in Europe in the 17th century.
Ancient DNA extracted from Danish aurochs
(Bos primigenius): Genetic diversity and preservation.
Eventually, people could have selected mild-mannered aurochs
Landsman describes it for us in some detail: "Half a dozen crooked lanes tumble into it, following paths first laid down by long vanished Ukrainian goats or aurochs
, past housefronts that are faithful copies of lost Ukrainian originals" (106).
Makhov enumerates that the "most significant personages" in the bestiary's hierarchy were the snake, dragon, lion, cat, other felines (leopard, lynx), wolf, dog, fox, bear, monkey, horned livestock (bull, goat, aurochs
, unicorn), wild boar, winged creatures (raven, kite, sparrow, bat), leviathan, toad, lizard and salamander, insects, and scorpions.
The origins of Amesbury have been discovered as a result of carbon dating bones of aurochs
- twice the size of bulls, wild boar and red deer - following a dig at Vespasian's Camp, Blick Mead, a mile-and-a-half from Stonehenge.
Those cattle then interbred with wild cattle, or aurochs
, which were native to the region, and changed their genetic makeup enough to confuse geneticists.
But further enquiries revealed he had in fact discovered the horn of an aurochs
, an extinct type of large wild cattle which died out in Britain in the Bronze Age.
In parallel, the result of the dating conducted by the LSCE of the black spots on yellow aurochs
com)-- Chairman Henri Kerkdijk-Otten has co-initiated and steered a previous similar project, but left that project because he believes that there is a more direct path towards the Aurochs
and therefore is now bend on elevating things to a whole new level.