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a branch of ecology devoted to the study of the peculiarities of the reactions of plant and animal species to environmental factors and the way of life of a species.

Autecology includes the ecology of individuals, which considers standard responses to environmental factors, and the ecology of populations, which studies intraspecific organization. Autecology contrasts with synecology, which studies the life of communities (different species of animals, plants, and microorganisms). The most important problem in autecology is the study of the dynamics of animal populations and the biomass of organisms of a particular species.


Kashkarov, D. N. Osnovy ekologii zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1944.
Naumov, N. P. Ekologiia zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Macfadyen, A. Ekologiia zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from English.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Littoral zone--GIS of Lake Constance: a useful tool in lake monitoring and autecological studies with submersed macrophytes.
The direct interactions and stochastic influences on organisms are considered and incorporated into an autecological framework, specifically investigating response to climate and its relationship to genetics, morphology, physiology, and behavior.
It is complete in its approach and does not suffer the illusion that it is anything other than a hypothesis generating autecological paper.
In this sense, the main question of this study is which abiotic and autecological factors appear to influence the range size of bromeliad species and of the communities they form.
Information on specific physiological and autecological benefits of clonal integration has greatly increased during the last decade; however, we know very little about the relative importance of clonality under different conditions.
Autecological studies of two annual herbs, Senecio sylvaticus and Epilobium paniculatum: effects of biotic and abiotic factors.
West and Wein (1971) developed an index for an autecological study of Hilaria jamseii Torr.
climate, geomorphology, soils), life history and autecological characteristics of individual species, and stochastic events.
Characters like body mass wing morphology and forearm length may be designated important parameters for autecological considerations (Aeshita et al.
However, the resprouter-versus-reseeder fire-response dichotomy provides an opportunity to compare and contrast autecological strategies between co-occurring, congeneric pairs of species that differ predominantly in the way they respond to fire.
1994 and references therein) or on autecological characteristics of individual species that contribute to their vagilities and probabilities of local extinction (e.