Autecology

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autecology

[‚ȯd·i′käl·ə·jē]
(ecology)

Autecology

 

a branch of ecology devoted to the study of the peculiarities of the reactions of plant and animal species to environmental factors and the way of life of a species.

Autecology includes the ecology of individuals, which considers standard responses to environmental factors, and the ecology of populations, which studies intraspecific organization. Autecology contrasts with synecology, which studies the life of communities (different species of animals, plants, and microorganisms). The most important problem in autecology is the study of the dynamics of animal populations and the biomass of organisms of a particular species.

REFERENCES

Kashkarov, D. N. Osnovy ekologii zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1944.
Naumov, N. P. Ekologiia zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Macfadyen, A. Ekologiia zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from English.)

N. P. NAUMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Autecological studies on seagrasses have documented that seagrass distribution is strongly related to physiology and growth characteristics, including water depth and salinity zonation.
Closest to his heart were botanical exploration, autecological observation of plant and animal species, and taxonomy of trees and non-tree plant species.
Metric values are the raw numeric expression of taxonomic or autecological information at either the community of individual level.
Morphological, anatomical, palynological, karyological and autecological characters of Centaurea amaena Boiss.
The direct interactions and stochastic influences on organisms are considered and incorporated into an autecological framework, specifically investigating response to climate and its relationship to genetics, morphology, physiology, and behavior.
It is complete in its approach and does not suffer the illusion that it is anything other than a hypothesis generating autecological paper.
In this sense, the main question of this study is which abiotic and autecological factors appear to influence the range size of bromeliad species and of the communities they form.
An autecological study of blackbrush (Colegyne ramosissima Torr.) in southwestern Utah.
Information on specific physiological and autecological benefits of clonal integration has greatly increased during the last decade; however, we know very little about the relative importance of clonality under different conditions.
Autecological studies of two annual herbs, Senecio sylvaticus and Epilobium paniculatum: effects of biotic and abiotic factors.
West and Wein (1971) developed an index for an autecological study of Hilaria jamseii Torr.