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see biographybiography,
reconstruction in print or on film, of the lives of real men and women. Together with autobiography—an individual's interpretation of his own life—it shares a venerable tradition, meeting the demands of different audiences through the ages.
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a description of one’s own life; a literary genre similar to memoirs but differing from them in a greater emphasis on the author’s person and psychology.

Examples of autobiographies are Saint Augustine’s Confessions (397–398), P. Abélard’s Historia Calamitatum (1132–36), and B. Cellini’s The Life of Benvenuto (1558–66). The first Russian autobiography was The Life of the Archpriest Avvakum (1672–75). In modern literature J.-J. Rousseau and A. I. Herzen have created literary autobiographical confessions. Some works of L. N. Tolstoy, M. Gorky, K. G. Paustovskii, M. Proust, and other writers are autobiographical in character. The autobiographies of the revolutionary figures G. Garibaldi, P. A. Kropotkin, and A. Bebel have been translated into many languages.

The word “autobiography” may also refer to a brief chronological summary of the chief events of one’s life.


an account of a person's life written or otherwise recorded by that person
References in periodicals archive ?
Recent South African autobiographers are as aware of their texts' historical situatedness as of the claims to place and to a shared civil space that they (explicitly or implicitly) stake.
By ending her inquiry with a strong argument on the role of utopian socialism, Hart pulls together the different experiences and styles of the autobiographers that illustrate the romantic and religious writings she explored in her successful book: "Utopian socialism enabled her [the woman autobiographer] to assert her right to an existence of her own while simultaneously affirming her devotion to others, and her submission to a higher power--God, or what may be called a 'cosmic plan'" (172).
The autobiographers with full entries include historical figures from Hildegard von Bingen to Jane Addams, poets Nikki Giovanni and Adrienne Rich, Asian American writers Maxine Hong Kingston and Bharati Mukherjee, artist Kathe Kollwitz, and women whose writings bridge academe and general readership, such as Carolyn Heilbrun and Shirley Geok-Lin Lim.
Frank O'Connor, Christy Brown, Frank McCourt, and other non-Anglo-Irish autobiographers feature the author's mother in their narrative plots.
But this is a niggle; the overwhelming sense I gained from reading Rose's account of these autobiographers was a profound admiration for their determination to be heroes in their own lives, and for the spare eloquence of their words.
Its three components: upbringing, journey, and language are reworked in different modes by later Arab autobiographers.
It is also an analysis of the ministers, social reformers, abolitionists, and other authority figures who mediated between the lowly autobiographers and the middle-class audiences who might, or might nor, purchase their books.
Change intrigues Barros, who analyzes five Victorian texts as she considers the ways in which the autobiographers textualize their transformative experiences.
All of the autobiographers discussed their difficulties and experiences with sensation, attention, affect, communication, and social interaction.
Evangelical autobiographers used it to convey the uniqueness of their "historic" and idiosyncratic personal experiences even while ordering those experiences in accordance with ritual models of "mythic" reality.
The field of men's studies opens up a space within which male writers like, the Victorian autobiographers can be studied unapologetically from a variety of theoretical perspectives.
He punctuates his prose with quotations--some very lengthy--from black leaders, journalists, autobiographers, and numerous interviewees.