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a. a book, document, etc., handwritten by its author; original manuscript; holograph
b. (as modifier): an autograph letter
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A handwritten inscription or signature.

(2) A handwritten author’s manuscript. Autographs form an important source for establishing the canonical (recognized as authentic) text of a work and are valuable material for studying the creative process of writers, scholars, and historical figures. The collection and custody of autographs is one of the functions of archives, libraries, and museums. In the USSR, manuscripts by K. Marx, F. Engels, V. I. Lenin, and several leaders of the CPSU are kept at the Central Party Archive of the CPSU Central Committee’s Institute of Marxism-Leninism. There are large collections of writers’ autographs at the V. I. Lenin State Library of the USSR and the State Literature Museum in Moscow, at the M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin State Public Library and the Institute of Russian Literature of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Pushkin House) in Leningrad, and in many memorial museums.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Forgery can be further demarcated in its association with certain kinds of artifacts within the autographic realm.
According to Perez, Montemayor had confided his intentions for the second part to his friend: "Antes que de Espana se Nesse Montemayor, no se desdeno de comunicar conmigo el intento que para hazer segunda parte a su Diana tenia." In consequence, Perez's allographic sequel will be the closest thing to an autographic sequel that readers can find.
The first category of this exhibition, "Significant Gestures," explores the autographic mark, executed in sweeping strokes of brilliantly colored paint that became the expressive vehicle for Francis, Hofmann and Kline, as well as Philip Guston and Joan Mitchell.
It has widely been recognised that the collection of river flow data involved the use of autographic recorders operated by floats in which the analysis of the data was extremely time consuming.
According to Goodman intermediary variants exist, as is with autographic arts with numerous or unclear subjects--for example the performances, a modern art, representing specific case.
The Prologue to John seems to have been popular, as were common prayers, names of God, autographic spells like Christ's letter to Abgar, and the ad hoc magical legends called historiolae, which described supernatural figures dealing with problems analogous to those of current concern.
In his discussion of digital images, Mitchell (1992) argues that it might be more useful to understand these materials as allographic rather than autographic; namely, digital images, because they are digital, enable and encourage duplication.
(10) Milton executed this autographic ritual in an album for Dr Christopher Arnold, Professor of History at Nuremberg, on November 19, 1651, and, again, for the Swiss minister John Zollikofer, on September 26, 1656 (CE XVIII.271).
inscriptions, epitaphic and autographic, show us that Spiegelman does
(One of the ads that appears in various forms in every number of Bleak House is for "Waterlow's Patent Improved Autographic Press, or portable printing machine ...
There [was] a new-year card written by Pang Ungmo, former president of Chosun Daily, to communicate with Japanese imperial press members; an article written for Maeil Daily on December 25, 1943, by Kim Hwallan, the former president of Ewha Womans University, to "Let women participate in the Pacific War"; and an autographic letter of Song Pyongjun, organizer of Ilchinhoe, (66) [calling for] praise [of the] Japanese Emperor.