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see post-mortem examinationpost-mortem examination
or autopsy,
systematic examination of a cadaver for study or for determining the cause of death. Post-mortems use many methodical procedures to determine the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases, for epidemologic purposes, for establishment of
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(section, obduction), the examination of a corpse in order to clarify the nature of the morbid changes and establish the cause of death.

Autopsies maybe either pathologicoanatomical or medicolegal; the first explores death from various diseases in a medical facility, while the latter refers to deaths that may be ascribed to violent or criminal action and that are ordered investigated by legal authorities. Autopsy plays an enormous role in instruction and refinement of the physician’s knowledge (as a check for the validity of diagnosis and treatment). Autopsies are also used as a basis for the exploration of problems in thanatology and resuscitation and the statistical indexes of mortality and lethality. Data from medicolegal autopsies have an important and sometimes decisive influence in court. Pathologicoanatomical autopsy is carried out by a pathological anatomist-physician (prosector) in specially equipped institutions attached to clinics or hospitals; medicolegal autopsies are performed by an expert in forensic medicine at the morgue. Autopsies are performed according to a prescribed method, and the findings are presented either in an autopsy report (for pathologicoanatomical autopsy) or a legal statement (for medicolegal autopsy).



A postmortem examination of the body to determine cause of death.


dissection and examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 2090 cases were autopsied at the three mortuaries.
She asked me to have her autopsied so that our daughter or others could be treated.
5,9,12,13) While the types of diagnoses missed have changed over the decades, the percentage of missed diagnoses has remained surprisingly constant over the last 90 years, ranging from 15 percent to 80 percent of autopsied cases.
About 5 percent to 7 percent of all hospital deaths are currently autopsied, down from 42 percent in 1965, according to the Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, a trade journal by the College of American Pathologists in Northfield, Ill.
Researchers detected it in autopsied brain tissue from 48 (86 percent) of 56 people who died with Alzheimer's.
None of these patients had been autopsied, and because of the lack of a clear indication and the limited availability of resources, no further measures (e.
Clinical diagnostics: experience from 383 autopsied cases.