autopsy

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autopsy:

see post-mortem examinationpost-mortem examination
or autopsy,
systematic examination of a cadaver for study or for determining the cause of death. Post-mortems use many methodical procedures to determine the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases, for epidemologic purposes, for establishment of
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.

Autopsy

 

(section, obduction), the examination of a corpse in order to clarify the nature of the morbid changes and establish the cause of death.

Autopsies maybe either pathologicoanatomical or medicolegal; the first explores death from various diseases in a medical facility, while the latter refers to deaths that may be ascribed to violent or criminal action and that are ordered investigated by legal authorities. Autopsy plays an enormous role in instruction and refinement of the physician’s knowledge (as a check for the validity of diagnosis and treatment). Autopsies are also used as a basis for the exploration of problems in thanatology and resuscitation and the statistical indexes of mortality and lethality. Data from medicolegal autopsies have an important and sometimes decisive influence in court. Pathologicoanatomical autopsy is carried out by a pathological anatomist-physician (prosector) in specially equipped institutions attached to clinics or hospitals; medicolegal autopsies are performed by an expert in forensic medicine at the morgue. Autopsies are performed according to a prescribed method, and the findings are presented either in an autopsy report (for pathologicoanatomical autopsy) or a legal statement (for medicolegal autopsy).

V. V. SEROV

autopsy

[′ȯ‚tap·sē]
(pathology)
A postmortem examination of the body to determine cause of death.

autopsy

dissection and examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
References in periodicals archive ?
Cabral to give its written position to us why the autopsies should be stopped," he stated.
Autopsies that opened the body to determine the cause of death were attested at least in the early third millennium BC, although they were opposed in many ancient societies where it was believed that the outward disfigurement of dead persons prevented them from entering the afterlife3.
Results: Of the total 2090 autopsies performed in Karachi, 581 (27.
In cases where autopsies were performed and pathology was found on imaging, the findings of the two methods of examination were consistent.
In South Africa academic and/or anatomical pathology autopsies are conducted in terms of the Human Tissue Act (Act 65 of 1983).
The rate of error is too significant for imaging to replace autopsies altogether.
Pathologist Prof Derrick Pounder, who led the research, said: "We need fewer autopsies to perform them better.
Thomsen, chief forensic pathologists at the National Institute of Forensic Medicine of Portugal and the Institute of Forensic Medicine of Odense, respectively, based their opinion on reports describing the two autopsies performed on Saeid's body on June 7 and 16, as well as on photographs taken during the autopsies.
We often hear concerns about the risk of rabies virus exposure to pathologists and others who perform autopsies," said Brett Petersen, MD, MPH, lead author of the report and a member of the CDC Rabies Team.
Hayne says he performs 1,500 to 1,800 autopsies per year, an impossibly high number.
Indian investigators - who have been accused by the girl's mother of covering up murder - had conducted two autopsies on Keeling after she was found dead on Goa's popular Anjuna beach.