(redirected from autopsy data)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.


see post-mortem examinationpost-mortem examination
or autopsy,
systematic examination of a cadaver for study or for determining the cause of death. Post-mortems use many methodical procedures to determine the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases, for epidemologic purposes, for establishment of
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(section, obduction), the examination of a corpse in order to clarify the nature of the morbid changes and establish the cause of death.

Autopsies maybe either pathologicoanatomical or medicolegal; the first explores death from various diseases in a medical facility, while the latter refers to deaths that may be ascribed to violent or criminal action and that are ordered investigated by legal authorities. Autopsy plays an enormous role in instruction and refinement of the physician’s knowledge (as a check for the validity of diagnosis and treatment). Autopsies are also used as a basis for the exploration of problems in thanatology and resuscitation and the statistical indexes of mortality and lethality. Data from medicolegal autopsies have an important and sometimes decisive influence in court. Pathologicoanatomical autopsy is carried out by a pathological anatomist-physician (prosector) in specially equipped institutions attached to clinics or hospitals; medicolegal autopsies are performed by an expert in forensic medicine at the morgue. Autopsies are performed according to a prescribed method, and the findings are presented either in an autopsy report (for pathologicoanatomical autopsy) or a legal statement (for medicolegal autopsy).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A postmortem examination of the body to determine cause of death.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


dissection and examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Although these autopsy data are based on a small number of subjects, they seem to show that prenatal alcohol exposure does have a damaging effect on the structural organization of the developing human brain.
.do require less work." (1) In response, we provide Table 1, which summarizes 2012 autopsy data from 5 medical institutions that in aggregate reflect the current practice of fetal/neonatal autopsy among the US-based SPP membership in both academic and community practice settings.
Autopsy data from January 2009 to April 2012 was analyzed and only those cases were selected for the study where the cause of death was unnatural i.e., homicide, suicide, accidental or undetermined.
(1) Its stated frequency has most often been estimated by autopsy data such that, in one series, two cases among 6,000 consecutive autopsies were identified.
This subset of data was selected because of the minimal amount of missing autopsy data (0.2%) and the Unexplained Deaths Investigation Protocol, which identifies deaths that might be of public health concern, established by the Arizona Department of Health Services (18).
Murray and Hnizdo (unpublished data) analyzed the cohort autopsy data for an exposure-response relationship and found silicosis in almost 52% of the deceased mine workers who had been exposed to dust for 40 years.
After feedback from over 40 reviewers, the revised version was tested on databases from Colombia, Jamaica, South Africa, Kenya, Malawi and Zimbabwe, and verbal autopsy data from Afghanistan and Nigeria.
He reviewed psychological autopsy data for 15,456 adults aged 25 years or older who died in 1986.
The medical records and circumstances of death are studied, along with autopsy data when available, Dr.
However, many people who die from severe sepsis have few signs of inflammation in their tissues, autopsy data show.
(7) An independent panel should review autopsy data, with recommendations as appropriate.
If similar autopsy data or official data are gathered from dementia or geriatric clinics in the United States today, fewer subjects are found with brain tumors or other structural lesions.