Autotomy

(redirected from autotomize)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

autotomy

[ȯ′täd·ə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of a part of one's own body.
(zoology)
The process of self-amputation of appendages in crabs and other crustaceans and tails in some salamanders and lizards under stress.

Autotomy

 

self-mutilation, a protective reaction observed in many animals upon acute stimulus; for example, seizure by a predator.

Autotomy consists in the spontaneous shedding of extremities, tail, or other parts of the body. The term “autotomy” was introduced and thoroughly examined by the Belgian physiologist L. Fredericq in 1883. Autotomy is encountered in invertebrates—certain hydroid polyps and actinia shed feelers; nemertines and segmented worms shed the end of the body; sea lilies, starfish, and other echinoderms lose arms; mollusks shed siphons; and crustaceans lose claws and other extremities. Among the vertebrates, autotomy is inherent only in lizards, which shed their tails. Autotomy is a reflex process, and the place of autotomy is determined specifically in each animal. For example, in lizards, autotomy is controlled by a nerve center located in the spinal cord, and the breaking occurs with a sharp contraction of muscles in the very spot of the backbone where a transverse cartilage plate is located. Autotomy is usually associated with the ability to regenerate the lost parts of the body; that is, regeneration occurs most easily at the site of autotomy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although intact crabs were more successful than were nonintact crabs in competing for females, those induced to autotomize a claw were considerably more successful than crabs that were manually declawed.
With phylogenetic correction, we examined the relationship between body mass and willingness to autotomize a limb.
bimaculatus), we found a significant relationship between species' average time to autotomize the limb and average body mass, with larger species demonstrating less readiness to autotomize a limb compared with smaller species (Fig.
Many animals possess the ability to self-amputate, or autotomize, an appendage in response to injury or its threat (Robinson et al.
Animals were forced to autotomize one limb - either a claw or the fourth walking leg.
The simplest one was to induce the animal to autotomize its claw after ecdysis by gently pinching the limb with forceps just distal to the autotomy plane.