The early onset of spring sea ice melt promotes more extensive summer sea ice retreat in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas, which acts to postpone autumn ice
formation (Markus et al.
In addition, during the autumn ice
formation, the western part of the Chukchi Sea has been dangerous even for highly adapted animals such as the bearded seal.
For 100 railway cars-refrigerators with a seal and an ice cream per year is planned to be delivered to the Celestial Empire In the Chinese city of Ningbo, the International Exhibition of Frozen Foods "Autumn Ice
" was completed.
An oil spill in summer could become trapped in this autumn ice
and quickly move from one country's waters to another's, Mahoney said, rapidly relocating the spill's ecological impact.
Years with less autumn ice
tended to be followed by more winter snow in many parts of the Northern Hemisphere.
Additionally, delayed autumn ice
formation near shore could prevent pregnant polar bears from reaching those terrestrial denning habitats (Stirling and Andriashek, 1992; Stirling and Derocher, 1993).