: Auxiliary loads
as a function of engine speed, including steering pump, brake compressor, alternator, and water pump, are inputs and connected to the engine accessory drive.
The change in enthalpy leads to electricity savings on the air conditioning unit, however to be properly evaluated, we must also consider the auxiliary loads
introduced with the retrofit unit.
and Johansson, K.H., "Modelling and Control of Auxiliary Loads
in Heavy Vehicles," International Journal of Control 79(5):479-495, 2006, doi:10.1080//00207170600587333.
LMG Marin Managing Director Mr Torbjorn Bringedal said the energy-efficient solutions to be installed on the ferries include quick-connection shore charging plugs; auto-mooring; auto-cross; efficient hull, propulsion and heat recovery systems; as well as minimised hotel and auxiliary loads
. We are confident the vessels energy-saving features will meet Norleds green requirements, he said.
This information was used to determine the vehicle operating conditions, utilization patterns and the auxiliary loads
during those conditions.
ThermoLite solar panels help prevent battery deterioration caused by natural or deep discharge through auxiliary loads
like telematics systems or other devices, lights and sensors.
Thermoelectric generators have the capability to directly convert waste heat from the hot engine exhaust into electricity that can power vehicle auxiliary loads
Typically, cooling dominates these auxiliary loads
They found further significant fuel savings could be made on the Class 70 when closing down the engine during idling using the automatic stop/start system and auxiliary power unit, and a system that diverts power generated by dynamic braking to feed auxiliary loads
. But Buchanan could not put a figure on this extra saving, as it depends on how often the vehicle is stationary.
In addition the paper will be descriptions ranging from analysis of the composition of the three loads of cost iron produced in the cupola furnace, then identify the amount and timing of bulge pure oxygen in molten cast iron, a description of the analysis of the composition of some auxiliary loads
in the furnace after decarbonization and all these optimization of this whole process.
The system is connected to 4.16 kVA switchgear, designed by Enercon Engineering, that transfers power to the station's auxiliary loads
, while the balance (and majority) of the power is sent via a three-phase station transformer to the utility's high line.
The first application of fuel cells will most likely be in a hybrid configuration with a small diesel engine providing tractive power, and a fuel cell auxiliary power unit (APU) driving the implement and all auxiliary loads
. As fuel cells become more advanced they will replace the diesel engine, although total replacement is not likely for decades.