available chlorine

available chlorine

[ə′vāl·ə·bəl ′klȯr‚ēn]
(chemistry)
The quantity of chlorine released by a bleaching powder when treated with acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
HACH DPD Free and Total Chlorine test methods were used to measure both the total chlorine (Total Halogen) and the free available chlorine (Free Halogen) in a given water sample.
At CDC-recommended concentrations of at least 1 ppm, ([dagger][dagger][dagger]) free available chlorine inactivates most pathogens within minutes although extremely chlorine-tolerant Cryptosporidium can survive for >7 days (2,3).
It makes sense to poison many people with widely available chlorine gas and then use small quantities of nerve gas to accuse the Syrian army.
With the dilution of circulating electrolyzed water, the hypochlorous acid concentration decreased, while its proportion, which accounted for total available chlorine concentration, increased from 56.99% to 74.29%.
However, it was expensive to produce because it contained 70 percent available chlorine. Grade B bleaching material contained 35 percent available chlorine; and it was cheap, effective, and commercially available.
In addition, he utilized Flow Injection Analysis as a technique to measure low-level concentrations of ozone, free available chlorine, chlorite ion and chlorine dioxide in drinking water and wastewater.
In addition, we examined the end of the hospital water supply line for microbial contamination and measured the concentration of available chlorine. The investigation was carried out 1 month before the expiration date of the AC filter cartridge.
According to the company, its patented Accu-Tab calcium hypochlorite wastewater tablets are manufactured with HI -SIL H-303 silica to provide a steady source of available chlorine. The wastewatertablets are compatible with standard 2 5/8-inch feeders, contain 73% nominal available chlorine and are made and serviced in the US.
The lens or device should be: decontaminated immediately after contact with the eye surface; rinsed in Water for Irrigation BP (not tap water) for not less than 30 seconds', cleaned on all surfaces with a liquid soap or detergent, then rinsed in Water for Irrigation BP for a further 30 seconds; immersed in a freshly-prepared solution of sodium hypochlorite providing 10,000ppm of available chlorine for ten minutes; rinsed in three changes of Water for Irrigation BP for a total of not less than ten minutes', shaken to remove excess water, dried with a disposable tissue, and stored dry in a suitable container.
A 10 minute dip treatment in a sodium hypochlorite solution containing 10 to 13 percent available chlorine followed by 10 minutes of exposure to a Xenon arc lamp was found to effectively remove blue stain and induce an attractive aged-pine look in the sapwood and heartwood of lodgepole pine.
The test strips offer a broad range, measuring available chlorine levels at 0; 1,000; 2,500; 5,000; 7,500; and 10,000 ppm for disinfection purposes.