Avant-garde

(redirected from avant-gardes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Avant-garde

 

a trend in French cinema originating in 1918.

To counterbalance commercial cinema, such directors as A. Ganse, G. Dulac, M. L’Herbeir, and G. Epstain, headed by L. Deluc, tried to assert the principles of high cinematic art, devoting much attention to attempts at original means of expression; they called for the disclosure of the essence of the subject through extensive use of rhythmical montage techniques, foreshortening, unfocused filming, and so on. These attempts ultimately underwent a significant evolution.

From the early 1920’s formalistic tendencies, the influence of such artistic trends as dadaism and surrealism, and an orientation toward the tastes of narrow circles of the refined bourgeois intelligentsia were expressed in the work of the avant-gardists. These very tendencies received the greatest dissemination and the most brilliant expression in France and other countries. The early works of R. Clair, J. Renoir, L. Grémillon, J. Vigo, L. Buñuel, and others have avant-garde ties. During the 1930’s a number of directors of the avant-garde moved toward realistic art.

REFERENCE

Sadul’, Zh. Istoriia kinoiskusstva ot ego zarozhdeniia do nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The creation of this avant-garde Whitman was sparked partly by the fact that Marinetti himself claimed Whitman as a precursor to Futurism, an idea that gained currency among the avant-gardes.
My understanding of the avant-garde draws from Peter Burger's theorization of the term and from Paul Mann's arguments about the importance of discursive intervention on the avant-garde.
The book's final chapters take up the larger question of whether contemporary avant-gardes exist at all.
If every avant-garde is more than the sum of its disciplinary parts, then Antidiets is certainly successful in capturing both the avant-garde's interdiscipliarity and its multimediality; while following its guiding gastronomic star, Antidiets weaves together the literary, the painterly, the performative and the theoretical into its "gastrosophic" narrative.
In the most famous Czech modern lexicon, Otto's Encyclopaedic Dictionary, the entry "avantgarda" dates to the 1930 edition, in which its author speaks of the artistic avant-garde as progressive art and states that "the avant-garde in literature, theatre and cinematography is an expression denoting an energetic, pioneering movement in a particular field of the arts [.
Other scholars have made the argument about the avant-garde as a community, but Yu provides the genuinely distinctive insight that race came to inform that community formation even among European American avant-gardists.
In this interview, Professor Sell discusses his interests in and theories of the avant-garde, theater history, the Black Arts Movement, bohemianism and the on-going racism shown against the Roma ethnic group, and issues of art and terrorism.
While avant-garde, rather than its English derivative 'vanguard', is a terra that has been used in English since at least the beginning of the last century to qualify the newest or most experimental ideas and techniques in the arts, the antonymic arriere-garde, or rearguard, has never been adopted figuratively in the same way.
The Avant-gardes turn their attention almost exclusively to Negroid sculpture and the art of savages [sic], prehistoric graffiti and pre-Columbian and Indian art; they turn .
Grunfeld has braved a forbidding task, given the amount of material available concerning both Spanish American avant-gardes and Brazilian modernismo.
It is probably the book that had to be written to finally help us find a way out of the spell of the endless repetitions of the very same heroic fable of 1968 that today still governs German Studies and that is indicated in the book's small print, its subtitle: German Avant-Gardes after Fascism.