# average

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## average,

number used to represent or characterize a group of numbers. The most common type of average is the arithmetic meanmean,
in statistics, a type of average. The arithmetic mean of a group of numbers is found by dividing their sum by the number of members in the group; e.g., the sum of the seven numbers 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, and 19 is 70 so their mean is 70 divided by 7, or 10.
. See medianmedian.
1 In statistics, a type of average. In a group of numbers as many numbers of the group are larger than the median as are smaller. In the group 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, 19, the median is 9, three numbers being larger and three smaller.
; modemode,
in statistics, an infrequently used type of average. In a group of numbers the mode is the number occurring most frequently. In the group 1, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 6, 9, 9, the mode is 6 because it occurs four times and the others only once or twice.
.

## average

see MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY.

## Average

in maritime law. (1) General average—property damage caused intentionally to a ship or its cargo to avoid danger to both or to forestall losses (for instance, the jettison of cargo or of ship provisions to lighten the ship in trying to get off a sandbank). The USSR Trade Navigation Code defines general average as losses suffered as a consequence of intentional and reasonable emergency expenditures and sacrifices to save a ship or its cargo from danger. The losses incurred in the case of general average are distributed proportionally according to the value of the ship, freight, and heavy loads.

(2) Particular average—unintentional damage caused to a ship or its cargo or in connection with their movement; the losses in the case of particular average are borne by those who suffered them or by those who are responsible for having caused them.

In Soviet legislation questions relating to general and particular average are regulated by the USSR Trade Navigation Code. In international trade, relations arising out of general average are regulated by the York-Antwerp Rules (the 1950 edition). These rules are applied only according to an agreement between the parties included in their contract of affreightment.

[′av·rij]
(mathematics)

## average

1. the result obtained by adding the numbers or quantities in a set and dividing the total by the number of members in the set
2. (of a continuously variable ratio, such as speed) the quotient of the differences between the initial and final values of the two quantities that make up the ratio
3. Maritime law
a. a loss incurred or damage suffered by a ship or its cargo at sea
b. the equitable apportionment of such loss among the interested parties
References in periodicals archive ?
Eliot captures the portentous nature of Heidegger's "they", an anonymous force exuding from the everydayness and averageness of existence, a force that threatens to swallow the "us" in this first passage.
Recognizing the inherent value of our averageness would also reinforce our instinctive multilateralism.
To simulate averageness, scientists use computer-imaging techniques to combine images of many faces to create a single face.
A new study links averageness to diversity in the major histocompatibility complex--a cluster of genes that plays a major role in the immune system.
What makes a face attractive and why: The role of averageness in defining facial beauty.
Although facial averageness is generally attractive, there are a few dimensions on which average values are not optimally attractive.
missionaries of unselfconscious averageness and "common sense"
In politics, where Americans worship at the shrine of the unaffected common man, averageness allows all Kansans to present themselves as something of an aristocracy.
For it is precisely the foreignness of art, its irreconcilability with the compulsions of our averageness, that terrifies: "The artist's particular devotion is the one thing that cannot be reached or tampered with.
Watford obviously boast a decent home record themselves, but in a division saturated with averageness the Hornets are as ordinary as the rest.
A later study found that a certain amount of cultural distinctiveness combined with the averageness led to optimal attractiveness, but the scientific consensus remains that averageness is the basis of attraction.
They are not based on averageness; rather averageness is a consequence of normality and abnormality.

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