aversion therapy


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aversion therapy

[ə′vər·zhən ‚ther·ə·pē]
(psychology)
A behavior therapy technique intended to suppress undesirable behavior by pairing a stimulus associated with an undesirable behavior together with a painful or unpleasant stimulus.

aversion therapy

a type of BEHAVIOUR THERAPY which relies on negative reinforcement. Negative reinforcement occurs when the individual learns that by acting in a certain way, an unpleasant consequence can be avoided. The reinforcer of that behaviour therefore lies in the avoidance of pain or unpleasantness. An example of the clinical application of aversion therapy is in the treatment of alcoholism by use of an emetic. Thus the avoidance of alcohol leads to avoidance of sickness. The same principle can be seen at work in changing smoking behaviour through strong social disapproval.
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Behavioral interventions, including community reinforcement, behavioral contracting, behavioral marital therapy, skills training, chemical aversion therapy, covert sensitization, and self-control training, also ranked in the top 20 of all treatment modalities (Miller and Wilbourne 2002).
A survey of 31 men treated in the UK between 1960 and 1970 with behavioural aversion therapy, including the use of electric shock, showed an unsurprising lack of success.
White people, according to Dickerson, are victims of "aversion therapy," in that they refuse to see their own complicity in racism.
If none of these measures work, then aversion therapy may be the only solution.
Although misguided and damaging efforts to "cure" transgender children still occur, transgender elders are more likely than younger transgender people to have experienced the most extreme forms of psychiatric abuse earlier in their lives, such as electroshock therapy, forced drugging, and aversion therapy. Those who have been subjected to those extreme forms of abuse may suffer from permanent physical and psychological damage, including tardive dyskinesia and other neurological impairments, immune deficiency, and/or severe depression.
Olfactory aversion therapy for homosexual behavior.
Correll resuscitates this now mostly forgotten set of texts to analyze the fascinating politics of fashioning the masculine subject through such "aversion therapy," which should control yet inevitably exposes "the raging, delinquent body" (15).
In the context of what appears to be the 1950s in Franco's Spain, the narrator details a series of circumstances and events that relate to the definition of masculinity, the dominance of the masculinist ideology, specific instances of its recognition and its acceptance by or imposition on the individual, and - as an issue crucial to an awareness of an alternative sexuality - its dangers and its unrelenting "aversion therapy" for the individual unwilling or unable to concede its primacy.
This aversion therapy will grab your attention, if nothing else."
Starmites doesn't quite amount to theatrical aversion therapy the way Legs Diamond did, and though one has to marvel at its presence on the Tony list, its creators ought not to be blamed that no one else in the past year came nearer the mark.
This time, on Jon Richardson: Ultimate Worrier, there's a custombuilt worry lab in the studio, in which the host will face his fears with some "aversion therapy".