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avocado (äˈvəkäˈdo, ăvˈ–), tropical American broad-leaved evergreen tree of the genus Persea of the family Lauraceae (laurel family). The fruit, called avocado, alligator pear, or, in Spanish, aguacate, has a high oil content. It is eaten fresh, chiefly in salads and guacamole. The avocado was cultivated by the Aztecs. Avocados are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Magnoliales, family Lauraceae.
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Tree grows to 75 ft (25m) Alternate simple pointy leaves, shiny on top, lighter and soft underneath with ribs. Small greenish yellow flowers. Fruit is high in monounsaturated fat.(that’s good). The mineral-rich pit can be easily liquified in a Vitamix. The avocado plant is toxic to most animals. Avocado leaves are toxic, do not use them.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



or alligator pear (Persea), a genus of evergreen fruit-bearing plants of the laurel family. Avocado trees grow to 10–20 m high and have monoecious, almost white blossoms that form paniculate racemes. Their fruits are large dark green or almost black monospermous drupes (length 5–20 cm, weight 250–600 g) that come in several shapes. There are about ten species of avocado (more than 20 according to some sources). The Persea armeniaca is widely cultivated.

The avocado grows best on fertile, well-drained, neutral or slightly acidic soil; avocado plantings must be protected from winds. The industrial cultivation of avocados is developed in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world, most widely in the USA (California, Florida, and Hawaii) and Brazil. In the USSR there are experimental avocado plantings on the Black Sea coast of the Georgian SSR (Meksikola and Chernaia ptitsa strains).

The avocado yields a harvest of 150–200 kg of fruit per tree. Its fruit contains up to 30 percent fat and 1.6–2.1 percent protein; vitamins B1, B2, C, and D, and others; and almost no carbohydrates. The avocado, which is similar in taste to the walnut, is eaten raw, in salads, and in sandwiches. Its cultivation is similar to that of citrus fruit.


Gutiev,G. T. Subtropicheskie plodovye rasteniia. Moscow, 1958.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Persea americana. A subtropical evergreen tree of the order Magnoliales that bears a pulpy pear-shaped edible fruit.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. a pear-shaped fruit having a leathery green or blackish skin, a large stony seed, and a greenish-yellow edible pulp
2. the tropical American lauraceous tree, Persea americana, that bears this fruit
3. a dull greenish colour resembling that of the fruit
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Vegetarians are also well catered for with delights such as Cabbage Leaves stuffed with savoury rice, nuts, avocado pear and herbs with a cheese glaze and garlic croutons.
I sampled my first really fresh coconut, the texture of which reminded me somewhat of an unripe avocado pear.
Your daily intake should be around 10mg - for example, one tablespoon of sunflower seed oil, or 20 almonds plus an avocado pear.
PANCAKES WITH SMOKED SALMON, AVOCADO AND ROCKET SERVINGS: 4 PREPARATION TIME: 15 minutes COOKING TIME: 10 minutes LEVEL OF DIFFICULTY: Easy POINTS: 5.5 Ingredients 110g plain flour 1 pinch salt 1 medium egg(s) 275ml skimmed milk 5 sprays low-fat cooking spray 200g smoked salmon 1 medium avocado pear, peeled, stoned and sliced 1 portion(s) rocket, handful 4 tablespoons fromage frais, low-fat plain 1 tablespoon fresh dill, chopped, to garnish 1/8 teaspoon pepper, freshly ground 1 lemon, quartered, to serve Method Sift the flour and salt into a large jug or mixing bowl.
1 avocado pear 4 ripe tomatoes, skinned and finely chopped
Sara Lee promises you can have your cake and eat it this summer with a new Exotic Fruit Gateau which contains less calories than an avocado pear.
AVOCADO WRAPS SERVINGS: 2 PREPARATION TIME: 10 minutes COOKING TIME: 0 minutes LEVEL OF DIFFICULTY: Easy POINTS: 6.5 Ingredients 1 medium avocado pear, peeled, pitted and chopped 1 large tomato, finely chopped 1 chunk cucumber, approx 3cm, finely chopped 2 portion spring onions, finely chopped 2 teaspoons lemon juice, or vinegar 2 medium soft tortilla wraps 4 tablespoons low fat soft cheese 4 small lettuce leafs, shredded 1 pinch salt, and freshly ground black pepper Method Mix together the avocado, tomato, cucumber and spring onions.
MID-AFTERNOON: Half an avocado pear eaten from the shell.
JOANNA LUMLEY: "My little luxury and absolute pick-me-up at the end of a long day is a ripe avocado pear with no dressing on it - just salt and pepper.
Rob Metcalfe, the chief executive of the communications agency Richmond Towers, which ran the campaign, was getting reports of people biting into the tough, green skin and saying it didn't taste like a pear - they were known as "avocado pears" then.
Customers just didn't know how deal with the arrival of avocado pears in 1959, with some trying to eat the fruit with the skin on or have them for pudding.
In the exhibition there are corners devoted to various titles: Mr Gumpy's Outing, which won John his second Kate Greenaway Medal in 1970, and Avocado Baby, telling of the tot who becomes a super-strong bully-basher on a diet of avocado pears.