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(ä`vəkä`do, ăv`–), tropical American broad-leaved evergreen tree of the genus Persea of the family Lauraceae (laurellaurel,
common name for the Lauraceae, a family of forest trees and shrubs found mainly in tropical SE Asia but also abundant in tropical America. Most have aromatic bark and foliage and are evergreen; deciduous species are usually those that extend into temperate zones.
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 family). The fruit, called avocado, alligator pear, or, in Spanish, aguacate, has a high oil content. It is eaten fresh, chiefly in salads and guacamole. The avocado was cultivated by the Aztecs. Avocados are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Magnoliales, family Lauraceae.
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Tree grows to 75 ft (25m) Alternate simple pointy leaves, shiny on top, lighter and soft underneath with ribs. Small greenish yellow flowers. Fruit is high in monounsaturated fat.(that’s good). The mineral-rich pit can be easily liquified in a Vitamix. The avocado plant is toxic to most animals. Avocado leaves are toxic, do not use them.



or alligator pear (Persea), a genus of evergreen fruit-bearing plants of the laurel family. Avocado trees grow to 10–20 m high and have monoecious, almost white blossoms that form paniculate racemes. Their fruits are large dark green or almost black monospermous drupes (length 5–20 cm, weight 250–600 g) that come in several shapes. There are about ten species of avocado (more than 20 according to some sources). The Persea armeniaca is widely cultivated.

The avocado grows best on fertile, well-drained, neutral or slightly acidic soil; avocado plantings must be protected from winds. The industrial cultivation of avocados is developed in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world, most widely in the USA (California, Florida, and Hawaii) and Brazil. In the USSR there are experimental avocado plantings on the Black Sea coast of the Georgian SSR (Meksikola and Chernaia ptitsa strains).

The avocado yields a harvest of 150–200 kg of fruit per tree. Its fruit contains up to 30 percent fat and 1.6–2.1 percent protein; vitamins B1, B2, C, and D, and others; and almost no carbohydrates. The avocado, which is similar in taste to the walnut, is eaten raw, in salads, and in sandwiches. Its cultivation is similar to that of citrus fruit.


Gutiev,G. T. Subtropicheskie plodovye rasteniia. Moscow, 1958.



Persea americana. A subtropical evergreen tree of the order Magnoliales that bears a pulpy pear-shaped edible fruit.


1. a pear-shaped fruit having a leathery green or blackish skin, a large stony seed, and a greenish-yellow edible pulp
2. the tropical American lauraceous tree, Persea americana, that bears this fruit
3. a dull greenish colour resembling that of the fruit
References in periodicals archive ?
Under this plan, avocados from the state would carry a label of "environmentally sustainable.
Nutritionally, as per the USDA data, Florida avocados have about 25 percent fewer calories and 30 percent less fat per cup than their California cousins.
While Joyal notes that FDA's redefinition will take several years to finalize, the message that avocados are part of a healthy diet is finally going mainstream.
Since 1985, Harvest Time has been one of the original 13 handlers of California Hass avocados, and one of the original avocado packing houses in the state.
If storing in the fridge, it is best to store avocados whole, because the green flesh quickly becomes oxidized when exposed to air and turns brown.
and South Africa avocado grower, packer, exporter and importer companies.
He's giving top priority to determining the kinds and concentrations of aroma compounds that are essential to the classic flavor of Hass avocados.
The results showed that adding an avocado to the burger diminished inflammation and narrowing of blood vessels.
Avocados are virtually the only fruit that has monounsaturated fat, plus it has a bonus of polyunsaturated fat, as well.
AVOCADOs contain heartfriendly mono-unsaturated oils 4 which also help to keep you feeling full.
Avocados ripen from the base to the neck, and a ripe avocado should be slightly soft, with skin that is free of cracks or indentations.