artery

(redirected from axillary artery)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to axillary artery: axillary vein, brachial artery, subclavian artery

artery,

blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
..... Click the link for more information.
, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
..... Click the link for more information.
, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
..... Click the link for more information.
 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
..... Click the link for more information.
). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
..... Click the link for more information.
, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.

artery

[′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.

artery

any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
References in periodicals archive ?
To exemplify, the order of the arteries branching from the subclavian artery is the axillary, coracoid major, pectoral and intercostal arteries in the Grus americana (whooping crane) (Fisher, 1955), the axillary, pectoral, intercostal and coracoid major arteries in the Grus antigone (sarus crane) (Glenny, 1947), and the sternoclavicular artery, axillary artery and thoracic trunk in the Eurasian bittern (Erdogan, 2012).
Sometimes slender vasa aberrantia connect the brachial artery to the axillary artery or to one of the forearm arteries usually the radial.
Pseudoaneurysms after blunt trauma to the shoulder tend to occur in the third part of the axillary artery (7).
The groove is identified by marking the line between the subclavian pulse in the neck and the axillary artery pulse.
Dissection proceeds more rapidly at this point to include ligation of major branches until one reaches the axillary artery and vein.
At the end of the long list of potential sites for graft placement, axillary artery and axillary vein are listed; however, no studies could be found involving placement of the anterior chest wall graft using these sites.
Abstract: A 74-year-old woman had a history over 25 years of endarterectomy of both renal arteries, iliac venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, left internal carotid artery endarterectomy, coronary angioplasty, aortocoronary bypass grafting, occlusion of the right axillary artery, lower-limb claudication due to common iliac artery aneurysm, external iliac artery stenosis, multiple femoral artery stenoses, bifurcational stent grafting, occlusion of the left brachial artery and the right external iliac artery, and stroke.
The subclavian artery emerges from between the anterior and middle scalene muscles and becomes the axillary artery as it passes the first rib.
The axillary artery was cannulated with a catheter and the specimen was placed flat, palmar surface up.
Two years ago, she had undergone PTA and Stent deployment to right axillary artery using 7 x 60 mm complete SE iliac Medtronic stent and abdominal aorta was stented using 14 x 80 cm COOK ZILVER 635 and 14 x 60 cm COOK ZILVER 635 two self-expanding stents, which was expanded up to 9 mm.