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any of the large, powerful, ground-living monkeysmonkey,
any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features.
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 of the genus Papio, also called dog-faced monkeys. Five subspecies live in Africa, with one species extending into the Arabian peninsula. They have close-set eyes under heavy brow ridges, long, heavy muzzles, powerful jaws, and long, sharp upper canine teeth. Their fur is thick, and in some species males have a mane about the head and shoulders. The heavy tail is of moderate length. The buttock pads, or ischial callosities, are thick and brightly colored; sitting is the favored position for feeding and sleeping. Baboons live in brush, grassland, or rocky country, foraging on the ground for roots, seeds, fruits, insects, and small animals, including other monkeys. Depending on the species, they may gather in troops of 350 individuals or more for protection at sleep sites on rock outcroppings. Baboons are powerful fighters and show little fear of larger animals, including humans. They can successfully take on leopards, their worst enemies. Most species travel in groups of 40 to 80, which are socially based on a core of females and may include several transient males. Some subspecies, like the hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas hamadryas), form harem groups led by a dominant male and have a highly developed social order. Baboons are subtle, intelligent animals and can become dangerous nuisances if they learn to raid fields or houses for easy food. The gelada (Theropithecus gelada) of Ethiopia is closely related to the baboon. It has a bright pink face and buttock pads and a tufted tail. Males use characteristic facial movements and barks to control harems of females during daily foraging. Also closely related are the wildly colorful mandrillmandrill,
large monkey, Mandrillus sphinx, of central W Africa, related to the baboons. Mandrills are found in forests, while baboons live in open country. The fur of the mandrill is mostly dark brown, but the bare areas—face and buttocks—are patterned in
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 and the plainer drill, both forest-dwellers, and the mangabeys. Baboons are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Cercopithecidae.


See S. C. Strum, Almost Human (1987).

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(vertebrate zoology)
Any of five species of large African and Asian terrestrial primates of the genus Papio, distinguished by a doglike muzzle, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


any of several medium-sized omnivorous Old World monkeys of the genus Papio (or Chaeropithecus) and related genera, inhabiting open rocky ground or wooded regions of Africa. They have an elongated muzzle, large teeth, and a fairly long tail
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A large troop of Olive baboons was congregated there, and climbing into the fig tree on the dam wall.
BABOONS at a British zoo have been observed flossing their teeth with broom bristles and their own hairs.
Four baboons escaped a research facility in Texas over the weekend by using a barrel against the wall of their enclosure. Officials at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute sent out its personnel to bring the baboons back to the facility.
The team was curious about male violence and sexual intimidation in the chacma baboons living in Namibia in part because no one had ever witnessed a male baboon forcing a female to mate with him.
Draw a T-chart on the board and label the sides "Animal" and "Group Name." Write the following in the animal column: baboon, clam, lion, pelican, wolf.
During May 2012, we subjected total RNA from 1 mL of blood plasma of each animal to next-generation sequencing as previously described (4); results showed HAV-like sequences in 1 of 23 baboons. De novo assembly of these reads yielded a nearly complete HAV genome, which we term KibOB-1.
Actually in South Africa I was told very specifically not to encounter baboons. In the Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve, south of Cape Town, there are big signs everywhere telling everyone not to interact, entertain or feed the baboons.
At the time, there were wonderful stories about baboons on the near-by A1, and a hippopotamus in Chester-le-Street, and it was reported that in wintertime the lions enjoyed a frolic in the snow.
While no single animal model exactly mimics the human condition, nonhuman primates (NHPs; e.g., baboon) are the most closely related taxonomic group to humans and this close relationship is reflected in similarities in bone metabolism (Jerome and Peterson 2001; Black and Lane 2002; Smith et al.
A GANG of baboons show they really are cheeky monkeys - by raiding a flat and parading their loot.
Key words: Balantidium coli, hamadryas baboon, non-human primate, Saudi Arabia
Now a new study with a troop of zoo baboons and lots of peanuts shows that a less obvious trait - the ability to understand numbers - also is shared by humans and their primate cousins.