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camomile(both: kăm`əmīl', –mēl') [Gr.,=ground apple], name for various related plants of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
..... Click the link for more information. family), especially the perennial Anthemis nobilis, the English, or Roman, chamomile, and the annual Matricaria chamomilla, the German, or wild, chamomile. Both are European herbs with similar uses. The former has an applelike aroma and is the chamomile most frequently grown for ornament (often as a ground cover) and for chamomile tea, made from the dried flower heads, which contain a volatile oil. The oil from the similar flowers of the wild chamomile was most often used medicinally, particularly as a tonic; today its chief use is as a hair rinse. Chamomile is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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Small, daisy-like sweet apple-flavored flower famous for its herbal medicinal use. Yellow center disc sticks out more like a ball. A great source of the amino acid tryptophan, which is converted into the neurotransmitter serotonin. Relaxes and makes you feel good. Great for stress and peaceful sleep. Dried flowers used to make tea for calming down, anxiety, insomnia, colic, diarrhea, indigestion, colds, flu, fever, headache, cramps, spasms, arthritis, cancer, gastrointestinal inflammation, ulcers, irritable bowel, gas, stomach cramps, allergies, respiratory issues, pain, colic, promote urination, . Tea also used externally to wash hair, skin, hemorrhoids, skin inflammations, sunburn. Add to bath to relax. Flowers good in salads. Anti-bacterial, good for mouth, teeth and gums. Anti-inflammatory- good for rheumatism, arthritis and other painful swellings. Anti-cancer antioxidant. Do not take while pregnant(uterine contractions). Do not take if taking Warfarin or blood thinners. Related to ragweed, test small amount first, some people have reactions.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
1. any aromatic plant of the Eurasian genus Anthemis, esp A. nobilis, whose finely dissected leaves and daisy-like flowers are used medicinally: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. any plant of the related genus Matricaria, esp M. chamomilla (German or wild camomile)
3. camomile tea a medicinal beverage made from the fragrant leaves and flowers of any of these plants
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005