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flesh of cattle prepared for food. It has become one of the chief products of the meatpackingmeatpacking
or meat-processing,
wholesale business of buying and slaughtering animals and then processing and distributing their carcasses to retailers. The livestock industry is among the largest in the world.
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 industry and is sold either chilled, frozen, or cured. The leading beef consumers, as well as exporters, are the U.S., the European Union, Brazil, Argentina, and Australia. The carcasses, after being dressed, are split in half along the back and then cut into fore- and hindquarters. In the United States, beef usually reaches local dealers in this form and is cut by them into portions, e.g., shank, round, rump, loins (roasts and steaks), flank, rib (roasts), chuck, plate, and brisket. In addition, the heart, kidneys, liver, tongue, stomach wall (tripe), and tail are edible. The tenderest beef comes from steers (castrated males) and heifers (females that have not calved). The meat should be a clear, light-red color and firm. Beef from older cattle is converted into various products, such as beef extract, sausage, corned beef, and canned or potted products. Beef is a source of proteins, minerals, and vitamins, but many health professionals, stressing risks of heart disease and cancer from eating too much saturated fat, have urged cattle growers to produce leaner, organically fed beef and have encouraged the public to choose leaner cuts, serve a three-ounce portion, and reduce the frequency of beef in the diet.


See J. Simpson and D. Farris, The World's Beef Business (1982); J. Ubaldi, Jack Ubaldi's Meat Book (1987).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


The flesh of a bovine animal, such as a cow or steer, used as food.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


an adult ox, bull, cow, etc., reared for its meat
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Making her first sortie into a show ring, the seven-month-old Charolais x steer, out of a Limousin x British Blue cow, secured a first Royal Welsh Baby Beef sash for her breeder.
It was mentioned above that among the veal calves only pink veal or baby beef is sold at the auction--not white veal.
At last November's Agri Expo, Carlisle, One and Only was second in her class to the eventual baby beef champion, Limousin heifer Queen Bee from Peredur and Llyr Hughes, Llanbabo, Anglesey.
The cattle classes will be judged by Alan Veitch, from Drumlone, Co Fermanagh, in Northern Ireland, while Fife's Craig Malone will judge the baby beef classes.
BABY BEEF: Ch - Little Mix (hfr), Tecwyn Jones, Llanrwst; R - Buckfast (str), Suzie Dunn & Cameron Jackson, Stirling.
Carrying the flag for the north was Tecwyn Jones, of Ty Newydd, Nebo, Llanrwst, who led eightmonth-old Tequila, a Limousin cross heifer, to the Baby Beef title.
In practice, however, the imbalance in trade access will be rather minor as Serbia will continue to benefit from the EU's autonomous trade measures, which provide for duty-free access to the Union's market for practically all goods, including agricultural products, with no quantitative restrictions, except for duty-free or preferential quotas for some fishery products, baby beef and wine.
More North Wales success came in the Baby Beef classes, with Gaerwen's Aled Roberts left wondering if he might have another Dream Girl on his hands.
while Craig Malone will running his eye over the baby beef classes at the 2018 Borderway Agri-Expo in November
Flying the flag for the host country was the ever-reliable Tecwyn Jones, Llanrwst, who took the Baby Beef championship.
The Conwy Valley producer saw Tequila, his Baby Beef champion, clinch the overall championship at the Three Counties Showground, Malvern.
Under the system, all products originating in the Western Balkans can be imported into the EU duty- and quota-free, with a number of exceptions including wine, certain fisheries products, sugar, and 'baby beef' (young calves imported for fattening).