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1. the university degree of Bachelor or Arts, Bachelor of Science, etc.
2. an internationally recognized programme of study, comprising different subjects, offered as an alternative to a course of A levels in Britain
3. US a farewell sermon delivered at the commencement ceremonies in many colleges and universities



in many countries, the first academic degree. In the medieval universities of Western Europe, it was granted to students upon completion of the first stage of education. In Russia at one time, teachers in ecclesiastic schools were called baccalaureates; at the end of the 18th century, graduates of the Teachers’ Institute of Moscow University received this degree. The baccalaureate, within contemporary systems of academic titles and degrees of many foreign countries, including Great Britain and the USA, is granted to graduates of universities and other higher educational institutions after they have passed special examinations, and sometimes, upon defense of a dissertation abstract. As a rule, the baccalaureate is equivalent to the diploma received by graduates of four-year Soviet higher educational institutions upon passing state examinations. In France, since 1808, the baccalaureate certifies completion of secondary education and gives the right to university admission.

References in periodicals archive ?
A Massachusetts high school's decades-old tradition of holding a baccalaureate ceremony in a church will cease thanks to an outspoken student and a complaint from Americans United.
Among them 50000 are post baccalaureates or BA, while CACA120000 are baccalaureates or lower, the ministry said.
Yet, Morse points out that allowing community colleges to offer baccalaureates in Illinois poses a number of technical challenges, including how they will be accredited, as he wonders if that task "would be easily accomplished.
Increasing numbers of schools are switching to the International Baccalaureate diploma instead of A-levels because it is seen as a more demanding qualification.
I'm at best supportive of baccalaureates that are very applied, but not those in education or nursing because those have been four-year degrees for many years.
Petersburg Junior College to reflect its wider academic focus--has conferred about 300 baccalaureates.
In the natural sciences and engineering, which includes engineering, the physical, math, computer, environmental, and life sciences, women's proportion of earned baccalaureates also more than doubled--39 percent in 2001--up from 17 percent 35 years earlier.
DeVry individual state enrollments also ranked highly in a number of different categories, including its campuses in California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and Texas ranking among the top 50 for Total Minority Baccalaureates in the "Computer
Scott Lingamfelter of Prince William County, learned that education officials in Fairfax County had barred school employees from speaking at privately sponsored baccalaureate ceremonies.
For those of us who have labored long in the vineyards of the community-college baccalaureate development, the 2004 Community College Baccalaureate Association Conference in San Francisco represented a bittersweet learning experience.
Institutions such as Great Basin in Nevada and Dixie in Utah, with their freestanding baccalaureates, attest to the strong student following and employer value of the community college brand baccalaureate.

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