Bach


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Bach

(bäkh), German family of distinguished musicians who flourished from the 16th through the 18th cent., its most renowned member being Johann Sebastian Bach (see Bach, Johann SebastianBach, Johann Sebastian
, 1685–1750, German composer and organist, b. Eisenach; one of the greatest and most influential composers of the Western world. He brought polyphonic baroque music to its culmination, creating masterful and vigorous works in almost every musical
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). Johannes or Hans Bach, c.1550–1626, was a Thuringian carpetweaver and a musical performer at festivals. His sons and descendants were noted organists and composers. One of his grandsons was Johann Ambrosius Bach, 1645–95, violinist, town musician at Eisenach, and father of Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Sebastian's eldest brother, Johann Christoph Bach, 1671–1721, was organist at Ohrdruf. When his parents died he took Johann Sebastian, his youngest brother, into his home and taught him. Of the 20 children of Johann Sebastian, several were well known as musicians. The eldest son, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, 1710–84, was made organist at the Sophienkirche in Dresden in 1733 and later (1746–64) organist and musical director at the Liebfrauenkirche in Halle. He was a brilliant organist and well-known composer, but he did not live up to his father's hopes and, after a dissolute life, he died in misery. A younger son was Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (see Bach, Carl Philipp EmanuelBach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
, 1714–88, German composer; second son of J. S. Bach, his only teacher. While harpsichordist at the court of Frederick the Great, where his chief duty for 28 years (1738–67) was to accompany the monarch's performances on the flute, he wrote
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), and the youngest son was Johann Christian Bach (see Bach, Johann ChristianBach, Johann Christian
, 1735–82, German musician and composer; son of J. S. Bach. He went to Italy in 1754, became a Roman Catholic, and composed church music and operas. In 1760 he became organist of the Milan Cathedral.
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).

Bibliography

See P. Young, The Bachs (2 vol., 1978–79); C. Wolff et al., The New Grove Bach Family (1983).

Bach

1. Johann Christian , 11th son of J. S. Bach. 1735--82, German composer, called the English Bach, resident in London from 1762
2. Johann Christoph . 1642--1703, German composer: wrote oratorios, cantatas, and motets, some of which were falsely attributed to J S Bach, of whom he was a distant relative
3. Johann Sebastian . 1685--1750, German composer: church organist at Arnstadt (1703--07) and Mühlhausen (1707--08); court organist at Weimar (1708--17); musical director for Prince Leopold of Köthen (1717--28); musical director for the city of Leipzig (1728--50). His output was enormous and displays great vigour and invention within the northern European polyphonic tradition. His works include nearly 200 cantatas and oratorios, settings of the Passion according to St John (1723) and St Matthew (1729), the six Brandenburg Concertos (1720--21), the 48 preludes and fugues of the Well-tempered Clavier (completed 1744), and the Mass in B Minor (1733--38)
4. Karl (or Carl) Philipp Emanuel , 3rd son of J S Bach. 1714--88, German composer, chiefly of symphonies, keyboard sonatas, and church music
5. Wilhelm Friedemann , eldest son of J S Bach. 1710--84, German composer: wrote nine symphonies and much keyboard and religious music
References in periodicals archive ?
Bach's very use of the catholic form may have served a contextual evangelical purpose.
Information about Bach landmarks, including residences, churches, palaces, schools, town halls, cemeteries, museums, and archives, follows the chapter biographies.
Famous British conductor Sir John Eliot Gardiner, who's also the president of the Bach Archive, was chosen as the interpreter.
Bach, who is German, competed in the Olympics for West Germany when the Germanys were still divided, and says that gives him a special feeling for the Koreas.
Earlier this month, Bach chaired a meeting of representatives from South and North Korea, and produced a landmark agreement on a joint Korean march at the opening ceremony and a unified women's ice hockey team.
"Bach is the most complete of all and is a god amongst composers, so there is no better way to celebrate these 25 years than with the greatest musician of all."
Edward Bach's early clinical experience in bacteriology and pathology led him to the reasoned conclusion that vaccine therapy had more in common with homoeopathy than with allopathic medicine.
Also included is a section called "Editorially Relevant Sources Rediscovered Since the Publication of NBA IV/5-6"--each piece is listed with the following information: where the source was provided (that is, NBA); who made the copy, such as one of Bach's sons; and a bibliography note where this piece may have been discussed and/or analyzed.
Critique: Impressively informative, exceptionally well written, organized and presented, "Healing Spirituality: A Practical Guide to Understanding and Working with Bach Flowers" is very highly recommended for both community and academic library Alternative Medicine collections and supplemental studies lists.
En la nota "Peaje bachiano (final)", publicada en el numero 2114 de Proceso, se afirma que Juan Sebastian Bach fue enterrado en una fosa comun y se insiste en ello en el numero 2116.
M2 EQUITYBITES-December 21, 2016-Groupe Eurotunnel SE names Corinne Bach to board