Leon Charles Albert Calmette

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Calmette, Léon Charles Albert

(lāôN` shärl älbĕr` kälmĕt`), 1863–1933, French physician and bacteriologist. He was founder and director of the Pasteur institutes at Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) and at Lille. From 1917 he was affiliated with the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He discovered a serum for snake bite, studied bubonic plague at Oporto, and with Alphonse Guérin introduced BCG, a tuberculosis vaccine. He wrote Recherches expérimentales sur la tuberculose (1907–14), Tuberculose chez l'homme et chez les animaux (1920; tr. 1923), and La Vaccination préventive … par le BCG (1927).
References in periodicals archive ?
Hexylaminolaevulinate fluorescence cystoscopy in patients previously treated with intravesical bacille Calmette-Guerin.
Non-specific effect of Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine on the immune response to routine immunisations.
Bacille calmette-guerin (BCG) lymohadenitis-changing trends and management.
Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination may lead to disseminated Mycobacterium bovis disease in the HIV-infected child but due to high overall burden of TB, the current national policy is to vaccinate all newborns with BCG.
Researchers have shown that Mycobacterium chelonae, a common environmental bacterium found in soil and water, can decrease the effectiveness of the bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine used to prevent tuberculosis, especially in countries outside of the United States.
Many TST-positive immigrants may be falsely recognized as having LTBI because of prior bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination and the cross-reactivity between TST's in vivo purified protein derivative and the Mycobacterium bovis strains used in the BCG vaccine.
2) IRIS is commonly associated with mycobacterial infections, mainly bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), Mycobacterium tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM).
bovis strains but are absent from all bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine strains.
Although 73% mentioned receiving the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine, they were not knowledgeable of its purpose, and many believed that since they had been vaccinated, they were no longer susceptible to contracting TB.
Intralesional bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine has been tried for metastatic disease.
BCG stands for Bacille Calmette-Guerin and is named after the French developers of the vaccine.
Commenting on the report, an analyst from TechNavio's Healthcare team said: "Currently, the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine is the only vaccine for Tuberculosis (TB).