Leon Charles Albert Calmette

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Calmette, Léon Charles Albert

(lāôN` shärl älbĕr` kälmĕt`), 1863–1933, French physician and bacteriologist. He was founder and director of the Pasteur institutes at Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) and at Lille. From 1917 he was affiliated with the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He discovered a serum for snake bite, studied bubonic plague at Oporto, and with Alphonse Guérin introduced BCG, a tuberculosis vaccine. He wrote Recherches expérimentales sur la tuberculose (1907–14), Tuberculose chez l'homme et chez les animaux (1920; tr. 1923), and La Vaccination préventive … par le BCG (1927).
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References in periodicals archive ?
Efficacy and safety of bacille Calmette-Guerin immunotherapy in superficial bladder cancer.
The Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine is a live-attenuated vaccine with residual virulence.
Foci of mycobacterial infection by diagnoses Focus of mycobacterial infection BCG-itis Lung tuberculosis BCG-osis Diagnosis CGD 3 5 1 IFNGR2 4 0 0 IFNGR1 1 0 0 IL12 RB1 2 0 0 SCID 4 0 0 NEMO 0 0 1 Total 14 5 2 1 Focus of mycobacterial infection Skin abscess BCG-itis and lung tuberculosis Total Diagnosis 0 3 12 0 0 4 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 5 0 0 1 Total 3 25 BCG: Bacille Calmette-Guerin; CGD: chronic granulomatous disease; IFNGR2: IFN-[gamma] receptor 2; IFNGR1: IFN-[gamma] receptor 1; IL12R1: interleukin 12 receptor beta 1; NEMO: nuclear factor kappa beta essential modulator SCID: severe combined immune deficiency Table 2.
The impact of a change in bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine policy on tuberculosis incidence in children in Cape Town, South Africa.
* The original EPI vaccines were Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine (BCG) (to protect against tuberculosis), polio vaccine (Pol), measles-containing vaccine (MCV), and diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine (DTP).
Intravesical administration of Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), with live attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, is the mainstay therapy of superficial bladder cancer.
Iseman, "Mycobacterium bovis vertebral osteomyelitis as a complication of intravesical administration of bacille Calmette-Guerin," The American Journal of Medicine, vol.
Hexylaminolaevulinate fluorescence cystoscopy in patients previously treated with intravesical bacille Calmette-Guerin. BJU Int 2010;105:789-94.
CASE 1 > Judy C is a newly employed 40-year-old health care worker who was born in China and received the bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination as a child.
The Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine will not be available again in Ireland until later this year or early next year.
Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine-induced disease in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children.