Leon Charles Albert Calmette

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Calmette, Léon Charles Albert

(lāôN` shärl älbĕr` kälmĕt`), 1863–1933, French physician and bacteriologist. He was founder and director of the Pasteur institutes at Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) and at Lille. From 1917 he was affiliated with the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He discovered a serum for snake bite, studied bubonic plague at Oporto, and with Alphonse Guérin introduced BCG, a tuberculosis vaccine. He wrote Recherches expérimentales sur la tuberculose (1907–14), Tuberculose chez l'homme et chez les animaux (1920; tr. 1923), and La Vaccination préventive … par le BCG (1927).
References in periodicals archive ?
A human challenge model for Mycobacterium tuberculosis using Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guerin.
Spectrum of Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) infection after intravesical BCG immunotherapy.
Iseman, "Mycobacterium bovis vertebral osteomyelitis as a complication of intravesical administration of bacille Calmette-Guerin," The American Journal of Medicine, vol.
Hexylaminolaevulinate fluorescence cystoscopy in patients previously treated with intravesical bacille Calmette-Guerin.
Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, is (or has been) used as a routine childhood immunization in many parts of the world, although not in the United States.
Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine-induced disease in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children.
The immunological effect of revaccination with Bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine at 19 months of age.
In 2008 the American College of Surgeons recognized Morton's "pioneering work" with intratumoral Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) for nonspecific melanoma, the first successful clinical application of immunotherapy against a metastatic human cancer.
4,5 The mainstay of treatment for high grade NMIBC is intravesical Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy after transurethral resection, however in selected cases and BCG non-responders radical cystectomy is recommended.
The risk of disseminated Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) disease in HIV-infected children.
Furthermore, Qiagen's product decreases false-positive readings caused by the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination, which all newborns in China receive as a matter of policy.
The Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) jab - which was given to millions of Britons as part of a now-defunct NHS vaccination programme - appears to double the chance of patients not developing MS, researchers have found.