bacteremia


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bacteremia:

see septicemiasepticemia
, invasion of the bloodstream by virulent bacteria that multiply and discharge their toxic products. The disorder, which is serious and sometimes fatal, is commonly known as blood poisoning.
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Bacteremia

 

the presence of bacteria in the blood. Bacteria enter the blood of man and animals through injuries of the skin and mucous membranes, and also when there are pathological changes in the lymph nodes, vascular system, and so on. Bacteremia accompanies many infectious diseases, such as leptospirosis, typhus, relapsing fever, and tularemia; it is especially characteristic of intestinal infections—typhoid, paratyphoid, and other salmonelloses; brucellosis, and others—in which it causes generalization of the pathologic process. Bacteremia is most intensely expressed during the acute (generalized) period of a disease. Bacteremia develops under the action of medium and large doses of ionizing radiation as a result of disruption of natural immunity. There is a decrease in the production of antibodies, a decrease in the number of leukocytes and of their phagocytic activity, and also changes in the permeability of tissue barriers and a number of other factors. Bacteremia is a characteristic complication of radiation sickness. As the organism overwhelms the disease (activation of the phagocytic function of the leukocytes, accumulation of antibodies, and so on), bacteremia decreases to the point of complete disappearance.

bacteremia

[′bak·tə′rē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Presence of bacteria in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prosthetic heart valve, community acquisition, three or more positive blood culture bottles, unknown portal of entry, monomicrobial bacteremia, and immunosuppression were risk factors for IE (odds ratios, 3.93, 3.35, 3.69, 2.36, 2.73, and 2.82, respectively).
cereus that caused bacteremia in 13 patients and led to the death of 2 patients.
It can cause bacteremia, especially in diabetics, in intravenous drug users, and in those with leukocyte dysfunction.
In the third stage, the values of WBC, neutrophil count, platelet, MPV, RDW, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, creatine, albumin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, CRP, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio parameters were compared in order to predict the risk of bacteremia and third stage intensive care unit (ICU) among patients with pyelonephritis and urosepsis.
The study population included 612 infants aged 4 months and younger with uncomplicated late-onset GBS bacteremia who received prolonged IV therapy and 163 who received shortened therapy (defined as 8 days or less).
(11) Moreover, although the number of bone marrow cultures was limited in this study, 50% of the patients with bacteremia had also a positive bone marrow culture.
In view of refractory bacteremia, resistance pattern of the isolated organism, and in vitro activity against KPC documented in the literature for ceftazidime/avibactam, we decided to discontinue meropenem and to start ceftazidime/avibactam while continuing polymyxin B and amikacin.
A logistic regression model was employed in the risk analysis of hospital mortality and bacteremia for cirrhotic patients with UGIB with a 95% confidence interval (CI) after adjustment for the variables mentioned.
baumannii bacteremia ( OR : 5.34; 95% CI : 1.26-22.68; P = 0.023), central venous catheter placement ( OR : 2.65; 95% CI : 1.12-6.18; P = 0.027), and inappropriate antibiotic treatment ( OR : 4.90; 95% CI : 1.96-12.28; P = 0.001) as risk factors for 30-day ICU mortality in patients with AbVAP.
This study included the patients with candidemia (Group 1) or bacteremia (Group 2) who stayed in the ICU for more than 48 h between January 2011 and January 2014.
baumannii bacteremia was conducted from January 2011 to December 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, which is the surveillance center of antimicrobial resistance in Chongqing, Southwest China.
Herein, we describe an aggressive case of polymicrobial bacteremia in a patient undergoing chemotherapy.