bacteremia

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Related to bacteriemia: septicemia, sepsis

bacteremia:

see septicemiasepticemia
, invasion of the bloodstream by virulent bacteria that multiply and discharge their toxic products. The disorder, which is serious and sometimes fatal, is commonly known as blood poisoning.
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Bacteremia

 

the presence of bacteria in the blood. Bacteria enter the blood of man and animals through injuries of the skin and mucous membranes, and also when there are pathological changes in the lymph nodes, vascular system, and so on. Bacteremia accompanies many infectious diseases, such as leptospirosis, typhus, relapsing fever, and tularemia; it is especially characteristic of intestinal infections—typhoid, paratyphoid, and other salmonelloses; brucellosis, and others—in which it causes generalization of the pathologic process. Bacteremia is most intensely expressed during the acute (generalized) period of a disease. Bacteremia develops under the action of medium and large doses of ionizing radiation as a result of disruption of natural immunity. There is a decrease in the production of antibodies, a decrease in the number of leukocytes and of their phagocytic activity, and also changes in the permeability of tissue barriers and a number of other factors. Bacteremia is a characteristic complication of radiation sickness. As the organism overwhelms the disease (activation of the phagocytic function of the leukocytes, accumulation of antibodies, and so on), bacteremia decreases to the point of complete disappearance.

bacteremia

[′bak·tə′rē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Presence of bacteria in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
En el analisis de nuestra investigacion, el porcentaje de resistencia antibiotica de cepas bacterianas estuvo presente en 79 (37%) de los 215 episodios de ITU y en 11 (44%) de las 25 bacteriemias asociadas a ITU (9,35,47,48,50).
agalactie causa un amplio espectro de infecciones en adultos, siendo la bacteriemia primaria y la infeccion de piel y partes blandas las mas frecuentes (1,2,12).
Muchas condiciones aparte de las enfermedades estructurales del corazon predisponen a EI, las mas importantes son las bacteriemias asociadas a cateter venoso central, especialmente en pacientes que estan seriamente enfermos o inmunocomprometidos.
Lower extremity cellulitis and bacteriemia with Herbaspirillum seropedicae associated with aquatic exposure in a patient with cirrhosis.
Para responder a ello, se plantearon dos objetivos especificos: (1) identificar que anticoagulante de uso en el sellado del cateter venoso central presenta menos complicaciones de bacteriemia asociada al cateter, y (2) identificar que anticoagulante de uso en el sellado del cateter venoso central presenta menos complicaciones de colonizacion del cateter.
Tras el ajuste del tratamiento antibiotico se obtuvo defervescencia, resolucion completa de los sintomas y depuracion de la bacteriemia.
La bacteriemia relacionada con neutropenia febril a menudo aumenta la morbilidad y la mortalidad relacionada con infeccion.
Bacteriemia related with Streptococcus viridans may be observed in 22-72% of dilatations (3-5).
Mortalidad por bacteriemia casuada por Escherichia coli y Klebsiella spp.
Sin embargo, se han reportado complicaciones infecciosas, dentro de las cuales se incluyen fiebre, infeccion de las vias urinarias, bacteriemia aguda, prostatitis, orquiepididimitis y, la mas seria, sepsis.