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Related to bacteriemia: septicemia, sepsis


see septicemiasepticemia
, invasion of the bloodstream by virulent bacteria that multiply and discharge their toxic products. The disorder, which is serious and sometimes fatal, is commonly known as blood poisoning.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the presence of bacteria in the blood. Bacteria enter the blood of man and animals through injuries of the skin and mucous membranes, and also when there are pathological changes in the lymph nodes, vascular system, and so on. Bacteremia accompanies many infectious diseases, such as leptospirosis, typhus, relapsing fever, and tularemia; it is especially characteristic of intestinal infections—typhoid, paratyphoid, and other salmonelloses; brucellosis, and others—in which it causes generalization of the pathologic process. Bacteremia is most intensely expressed during the acute (generalized) period of a disease. Bacteremia develops under the action of medium and large doses of ionizing radiation as a result of disruption of natural immunity. There is a decrease in the production of antibodies, a decrease in the number of leukocytes and of their phagocytic activity, and also changes in the permeability of tissue barriers and a number of other factors. Bacteremia is a characteristic complication of radiation sickness. As the organism overwhelms the disease (activation of the phagocytic function of the leukocytes, accumulation of antibodies, and so on), bacteremia decreases to the point of complete disappearance.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Presence of bacteria in the blood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Graft susceptibility to bacteriemia is highest during the first postoperative months and decreases with formation of neointima and healing of the anastomotic sutures [2, 4].
Las condiciones clinicas mas frecuentemente causadas por este microorganismo incluyen bacteriemia relacionada a cateteres intravasculares, peritonitis en pacientes en dialisis peritoneal, neumonia e infecciones urinarias (12, 13, 16-18, 20-24).
aeruginosa es un patogeno oportunista de importancia clinica, causante de infecciones del tracto urinario, vias respiratorias, dermatitis, infecciones de tejidos blandos, bacteriemia, infecciones oseas y articulares, infecciones gastrointestinales, infecciones en pacientes con quemaduras graves, cancer y en pacientes inmunodeprimidos (Todar, 2008).
(7), (18) The source of the bacterial inoculum is believed to be either from distant skin infections with transient bacteriemia or, less commonly, from local vascular or lymphatic contamination.
En un estudio se observo hiperproduccion de AmpC en 20% de los pacientes con bacteriemia por cepas de Enterobacter spp.