Bacteriology

(redirected from bacteriologic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Bacteriology

The science and study of bacteria, and hence a specialized branch of microbiology. It deals with the nature and properties of the bacteria as living entities, their morphology and developmental history, ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and classification.

The major subjects that have consecutively occupied the forefront of bacteriological research have been the origin of bacteria, the constancy or variability of their properties, their role as causative agents of disease and of spoilage of foods, their significance in the cycle of matter, their classification, and their physiological, biochemical, and genetic features. See Bacteria, Microbiology

Bacteriology

 

the study of bacteria; a division of the broader scientific discipline microbiology. Bacteriology is divided into a number of independent branches. General bacteriology studies the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, their mutability and genetics, evolution, distribution in nature, and so on. Medical and veterinary bacteriology studies the biology of pathogenic bacteria, methods of isolating and identifying them, and the phenomenon of immunity; it elaborates specific means for preventing and treating infectious diseases of man and animals. Agricultural bacteriology studies the role of bacteria in the formation of soil structures, in soil fertility, and in plant nutrition, and the processing of agricultural products (ensilage, fermentation, retting, and so on). Technical (industrial) bacteriology studies the processes of formation by bacteria of alcohols, organic acids, enzymes, amino acids, antibiotics, growth stimulants, and other substances.

bacteriology

[bak‚tir·ē′äl·ə·jē]
(microbiology)
The science and study of bacteria; a specialized branch of microbiology.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bacteriologic and cytologic criteria for diagnosis in nasal and sinus disease: Basis and interpretation.
Bacterial eradication of pathogens was determined both presumptively (on the basis of the disappearance of pretreatment signs and symptoms of otitis externa) and by repeat of standard bacteriologic culture methods in both studies.
This register holds basic demographic, clinical, and some bacteriologic data.
At the completion of therapy, a clinical response was seen in 79, 72, and 41% of the ears, respectively; corresponding bacteriologic cure rates were 67, 67, and 20%.
Determination of infectiousness should be based on assessment of both clinical and bacteriologic response to therapy ([6,7]; CDC, unpublished data).
Samples were collected and processed for bacteriologic culture, PCR, and histologic evaluation within the confines of a certified biological hood.
With the sort of antibiotic concentrations and the sort of pathogens we are treating, it would be very unusual to see a bacteriologic failure with a quinolone.
The test is significantly more effective than both bacteriologic methods and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detecting positive clinical specimens, and its shelf life is 21 days when stored at below 60[degrees] C.
Physicians were blind to treatment but did have access to bacteriologic culture and sensitivity before determining clinical cure.
CDC, in collaboration with state and local health departments, uses three sources to monitor progress toward these goals: 1) an individual-case surveillance system, 2) TB mortality data from CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), and 3) program performance data collected on cases, contact follow-up, bacteriologic conversion of sputum, continuity of drug therapy, completion of therapy, and preventive therapy.
Serologic, bacteriologic, and histopathologic examination of fetal tissues identified no other infectious abortifacient agents in the Chlamydiales-positive samples.