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The science and study of bacteria, and hence a specialized branch of microbiology. It deals with the nature and properties of the bacteria as living entities, their morphology and developmental history, ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and classification.

The major subjects that have consecutively occupied the forefront of bacteriological research have been the origin of bacteria, the constancy or variability of their properties, their role as causative agents of disease and of spoilage of foods, their significance in the cycle of matter, their classification, and their physiological, biochemical, and genetic features. See Bacteria, Microbiology

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the study of bacteria; a division of the broader scientific discipline microbiology. Bacteriology is divided into a number of independent branches. General bacteriology studies the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, their mutability and genetics, evolution, distribution in nature, and so on. Medical and veterinary bacteriology studies the biology of pathogenic bacteria, methods of isolating and identifying them, and the phenomenon of immunity; it elaborates specific means for preventing and treating infectious diseases of man and animals. Agricultural bacteriology studies the role of bacteria in the formation of soil structures, in soil fertility, and in plant nutrition, and the processing of agricultural products (ensilage, fermentation, retting, and so on). Technical (industrial) bacteriology studies the processes of formation by bacteria of alcohols, organic acids, enzymes, amino acids, antibiotics, growth stimulants, and other substances.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The science and study of bacteria; a specialized branch of microbiology.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The descriptive statistics showed wide variation in the results of SCC and TBC according to bacteriological examination results.
Results on the shedding of bacteria by the mammary quarters according to bacteriological examination results showed similarity with the results of SCC.
Bacteriological procedures for diagnosis of bovine udder infection.
The results received by ACL-method were compared with the data of the bacteriological investigation.
It is seen in the Table 1 that registration of the causative agents by use ACL-method significantly increases determination frequency of microbes comparing to use of bacteriological method.
Thus, the ACL-method used for the etiological diagnostic of the sepsis has a big informative importance then bacteriological method.
Three water samples of 1 mL each per brand were defined as the minimum number of replicates needed to explore the within-variation of endotoxin concentration and bacteriological cell count among bottled water brands.
Summary measures were computed for the log concentration of endotoxin and bacteriological cell count.