Bacteriology

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Bacteriology

The science and study of bacteria, and hence a specialized branch of microbiology. It deals with the nature and properties of the bacteria as living entities, their morphology and developmental history, ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and classification.

The major subjects that have consecutively occupied the forefront of bacteriological research have been the origin of bacteria, the constancy or variability of their properties, their role as causative agents of disease and of spoilage of foods, their significance in the cycle of matter, their classification, and their physiological, biochemical, and genetic features. See Bacteria, Microbiology

Bacteriology

 

the study of bacteria; a division of the broader scientific discipline microbiology. Bacteriology is divided into a number of independent branches. General bacteriology studies the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, their mutability and genetics, evolution, distribution in nature, and so on. Medical and veterinary bacteriology studies the biology of pathogenic bacteria, methods of isolating and identifying them, and the phenomenon of immunity; it elaborates specific means for preventing and treating infectious diseases of man and animals. Agricultural bacteriology studies the role of bacteria in the formation of soil structures, in soil fertility, and in plant nutrition, and the processing of agricultural products (ensilage, fermentation, retting, and so on). Technical (industrial) bacteriology studies the processes of formation by bacteria of alcohols, organic acids, enzymes, amino acids, antibiotics, growth stimulants, and other substances.

bacteriology

[bak‚tir·ē′äl·ə·jē]
(microbiology)
The science and study of bacteria; a specialized branch of microbiology.
References in periodicals archive ?
Literature recommends that fecal coliform tests always be used as an indicator organism for evaluating the bacteriological conditions of public swimming waters and should accompany total coliform tests to better determine the origin and cause of contamination in a chlorinated water source (Salvato et al.
Thus, applying the bacteriological investigation allowed us to identify the etiological factor from the blood in children at the early age in 33.
Summary measures were computed to describe the logarithm (log) concentration of endotoxin and bacteriological cell count.
Experimental staphylococcal mastitis in bitches: clinical, bacteriological, cytological, haematological and pathological features.
Yet many American doctors were skeptical of this European breakthrough and their doubt curtailed universal use of bacteriological diagnosis.
The measures for 2000 are designed to assist the German, French, Spanish, Dutch and British laboratories designated by the Commission supply it with information on the results of their research into: health rules for the production and placing on the market of raw milk, prevention of the outbreak of food-borne infections and intoxications (protection against certain zoonoses), monitoring of marine biotoxins and of bacteriological and viral contamination of bivalve molluscs.
Robert Gallagher, of Ventura County's environmental health division, said only one beach, Hobie Beach, exceeds bacteriological limits set by the state of California and may be closed over the weekend.
The water test meets the chemical and bacteriological requirements specified by the Oct 10th, 2004 Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality (sixth edition).
Electronic auction: provision of services for carrying out bacteriological and serological studies for the needs of the state children~s clinical hospital "magadan regional children~s hospital"
This is the first time since 1978 that the county has routinely monitored the bacteriological quality of the ocean,'' said Robert Gallagher, the division's resources manager.
Edward Trudeau opened the first tuberculosis sanatorium in the United States, launching a radical transformation in tuberculosis treatment catalyzed by the bacteriological revolution.