Bacteriology

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Bacteriology

The science and study of bacteria, and hence a specialized branch of microbiology. It deals with the nature and properties of the bacteria as living entities, their morphology and developmental history, ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and classification.

The major subjects that have consecutively occupied the forefront of bacteriological research have been the origin of bacteria, the constancy or variability of their properties, their role as causative agents of disease and of spoilage of foods, their significance in the cycle of matter, their classification, and their physiological, biochemical, and genetic features. See Bacteria, Microbiology

Bacteriology

 

the study of bacteria; a division of the broader scientific discipline microbiology. Bacteriology is divided into a number of independent branches. General bacteriology studies the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, their mutability and genetics, evolution, distribution in nature, and so on. Medical and veterinary bacteriology studies the biology of pathogenic bacteria, methods of isolating and identifying them, and the phenomenon of immunity; it elaborates specific means for preventing and treating infectious diseases of man and animals. Agricultural bacteriology studies the role of bacteria in the formation of soil structures, in soil fertility, and in plant nutrition, and the processing of agricultural products (ensilage, fermentation, retting, and so on). Technical (industrial) bacteriology studies the processes of formation by bacteria of alcohols, organic acids, enzymes, amino acids, antibiotics, growth stimulants, and other substances.

bacteriology

[bak‚tir·ē′äl·ə·jē]
(microbiology)
The science and study of bacteria; a specialized branch of microbiology.
References in periodicals archive ?
Records from one (Kiseny Health Center IV) indicated a statistically significant increase in the proportion of TB cases that were bacteriologically confirmed after availability of Xpert MTB/RIF testing (Table 2).
Tuberculous meningitis in children: Clinical profile, mortality and morbidity of bacteriologically confirmed cases.
Among his explanatory chapters are common bacteriologically initiated events, environmental dynamics of bacterial consorms, detailed identification of bacterial consorms, and biochemical methods for identifying consorms.
All children with skin lesions were bacteriologically investigated and none of them had staphylococcal infection.
In 1951 Wiedemann worked in co-operation with the Milk Research Institute in Kiel to develop a bacteriologically faultless floor drain.
Noordeen 1969 700 children less than 15 years (41) old in contact with patients with lepromatous form of leprosy or Noordeen 1977 bacteriologically positive.
From October 2006 to November 2008, two hundred and forty six samples (206 minced beef and 40 sausages) were analysed bacteriologically.
As there have been bacteriologically documented failures in patients infected with pneumococci when the MIC is over 8 mg/L [65], in regions with a high rate (> 25 %) of infection with high-level (MIC = 16 mg/L) macrolide-resistant pneumococci, using of alternative agents like respiratory fluoroquinolones (moxifloxacin, gemifloxacin, levofloxacin) or a beta-lactam plus a macrolide is recommended in outpatient CAP [13].
Lane 3 was injected with a bacteriologically free milk sample (CMT negative) contaminated with standard C.
5% of the pool water samples were bacteriologically compliant and 88% were compliant with free chlorine residuals for pools as stated in Wisconsin Administrative Code (1 part per million [ppm] for activity and plunge pools, 2 ppm for wading pools) (Wisconsin Administrative Code, 2002).