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The science and study of bacteria, and hence a specialized branch of microbiology. It deals with the nature and properties of the bacteria as living entities, their morphology and developmental history, ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and classification.

The major subjects that have consecutively occupied the forefront of bacteriological research have been the origin of bacteria, the constancy or variability of their properties, their role as causative agents of disease and of spoilage of foods, their significance in the cycle of matter, their classification, and their physiological, biochemical, and genetic features. See Bacteria, Microbiology

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the study of bacteria; a division of the broader scientific discipline microbiology. Bacteriology is divided into a number of independent branches. General bacteriology studies the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, their mutability and genetics, evolution, distribution in nature, and so on. Medical and veterinary bacteriology studies the biology of pathogenic bacteria, methods of isolating and identifying them, and the phenomenon of immunity; it elaborates specific means for preventing and treating infectious diseases of man and animals. Agricultural bacteriology studies the role of bacteria in the formation of soil structures, in soil fertility, and in plant nutrition, and the processing of agricultural products (ensilage, fermentation, retting, and so on). Technical (industrial) bacteriology studies the processes of formation by bacteria of alcohols, organic acids, enzymes, amino acids, antibiotics, growth stimulants, and other substances.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The science and study of bacteria; a specialized branch of microbiology.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Children with confirmed XDR TB had similar successful outcomes (81%) as children given treatment for clinically diagnosed and bacteriologically confirmed MDR TB (78%) over the same study period (6).
(1982) studied the bacterial contamination of water in the Al-Riyadh region discovering that 58.57% of the examined samples were bacteriologically unacceptable and had failed to meet the Saudi standards; coliforms were detected in 60.5% of the examined water samples.
Two independent studies found that the majority of groundwater wells in Pakistan were bacteriologically contaminated, with approximately one third of the collected samples being contaminated by either arsenic or pesticides.
A fairly good number of cases, strongly suspected of pulmonary TB are not confirmed bacteriologically. One reason for this may be related to the difficulties of obtaining adequate quantity of sputum specimen from TB suspects either due to dry cough or inadequate or scanty sputum (<2 ml) (Anderson et al., 1995).
Thermal mineral water has three fundamental characteristics: it originates naturally from the earth, it is bacteriologically pure and has therapeutic potential [3,4].
Moreover, the treatments with moxifloxacin showed considerably lower clinical failure rates compared with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid at eight weeks after the therapy in patients with bacteriologically confirmed exacerbations.
The water samples collected from 23 major cities were all bacteriologically contaminated and showed higher values of turbidity,(Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) nitrate and lead.
Whyte W, Bailey PV, Hamblen DL, Fisher WD, Kelly IG 1983 A bacteriologically occlusive clothing system for use in the operating room Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 65 502-506
Initial roentgenographic manifestations of bacteriologically proven Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
At present under term "category IY, "relapse" there are implied the patients earlier treated with anti-TB drugs of the first or second line with outcome "cured" or "treatment completed" and at this moment they have the bacteriologically confirmed M.