baddeleyite


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baddeleyite

[′bad·əl·ē‚īt]
(mineralogy)
ZrO2 A colorless, yellow, brown, or black monoclinic zirconium oxide mineral found in Brazil and Ceylon; used as heat- and corrosion-resistant linings for furnaces and muffles.
References in periodicals archive ?
The evidences are: 1) the presence of interstitial minerals rich in highly incompatible trace elements (mainly amphibole, phlogopite, ilmenite, apatite, zircon, baddeleyite and titanite), 2) overgrowth of early crystallization phases towards a more differentiated composition (mainly plagioclase), and 3) disequilibrium between some interstitial crystals and previous minerals (e.g.
Baddeleyite is useful because it incorporates large amounts of uranium into its crystal-structure, and because uranium naturally decays to lead.
Current open pit production 1995 1996 Ore treated ('000 t) 29,551 29,153 Average grade (Cu %) 0.58 0.59 Copper concentrate produced ('000 t) 418.9 421.7 Ave concentrate grade (Cu %) 33.8 34.0 Copper in concentrate ('000 t) 141.7 143.4 Concentrate smelted on site ('000 t) 373.2 327.7 New copper anode output ('000 t) 113.4 105.2 Refined new copper output ('000 t) 115.8 104.3 By-products Magnetite concentrate ('000 t) 133 118 Uranium oxide (t) 133 100 Baddeleyite ('000 t) 15.5 13.2 Refined nickel sulphate (t) 177 215 N.B A major reverb furnace shutdown in 1996 and ongoing boiler problems resulted in lower production and lower concentrate smelted.
The nature of the ore--containing iron, apatite and baddeleyite--prompted the technical staff to develop innovative technology during the '70s and '80s that enabled the mine to effectively recover all three components, using magnetic separation for the iron content, flotation for the apatite, and gravity separation for the baddeleyite.
hematite and baddeleyite, can also be helpful (Sabina, 1979; Cares, 1993).
A precise U-Pb zircon and baddeleyite date gave 615 [+ or -] 2 Ma (Kamo et al.
Palabora, and neighbouring Foskor, are the world's primary producers of the zirconium ore Baddeleyite, with Zr|O.sub.2~ + Hf|O.sub.2~ typically 99%, associated with the carbonatite deposit at Phalaborwa in northern Transvaal.
French, J.E., Heaman, L.M., and Chacko, T., 2002, Feasibility of chemical U-Th-total Pb baddeleyite dating by electron microprobe: Chemical Geology, v.
Baddeleyite and the niobium mineral pyrochlore are also present.
Species range from the very common (apophyllite, barite, calcite, corundum) to the semi-exotic (baddeleyite, hauynite, nosean, ettringite, jeremejevite) to the extremely rare (hannebachite, willhendersonite, the not-yet-published batiferrite), and all in selections liberal enough to show a full range of habits--I counted 25 pictures, each one different, of barytolamprophyllite alone.
Similarly, Phalaborwa with its variety of economically exploitable copper, phosphate, vermiculite and co-products iron (magnetite), zirconium (baddeleyite) and recovered by-products uranium, gold, silver, nickel, platinum and palladium, is a geological wonder".