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sharply and complexly disjointed low mountainous relief which is difficult to travel through and unsuitable for agriculture.
Badlands consist of an intricate set of branching gullies and the narrow ridges which divide them. They originate primarily in regions with a dry climate, especially where there are water-resistant clayey soils as a result of washing out by temporary (torrential) floods. They are widespread in most mountainous desert and semidesert areas of the world. As a result of irrational utilization of land and cutting down of mountain forests, badlands also arise in steppe and forest-steppe zones. The classical badlands developed in the eastern foothills of the Rocky Mountains in North America. In the USSR they are confined to the desert piedmont areas of Middle Asia, as well as Kazakhstan.