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musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.


See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

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References in periodicals archive ?
She surprised him again later when he played his bagpipes at an impromptu get-together in Tyler's fought war supposed farmhouse kitchen.
In Jordan, for instance, the Armed Forces Band Corps includes a bagpipe troupe.
High note Craig Munro has ambitious plans for his bagpipe firm
Mr McGregor played the bagpipes at events in the 80s and 90s including at the annual Burns Night organised by the former Manama Caledonian Society.
"It will be a celebration of Northumbrian pipes, bagpipes in general and a response to William Alfred Cocks' collection at the museum," said Ziad.
Since bagpipe music is not too well-known in the country (there are also only a handful of pipers, the better known one being Roy Espiritu, son of two friends, Carol, who is sister to Billy Esposo), let me pass on a description of the bagpipe from Google: "a musical instrument played by squeezing an air-filled bag and blown full from a player's mouth through a blow-pipe and pressure from left bag causing air to rush past a set of reeds.
The festive spectacular was the ex-Beatle's only UK gig of the year and he wowed the sell-out audience with flames, fireworks and bagpipe players with one hit after another from his huge back catalogue.
Jesse Walker responds: My article was specifically and explicitly about the Great Highland Bagpipe, an iconically Scottish device, and not the larger bagpipe family of instruments, which is not only much older but originated far away from the British Isles.
The pipes launch into "Minstrel Boy," a familiar bagpipe tune, snare drums crisply snapping out cadence, marchers and instruments reflected in the chrome and lipstick-red gloss of a 64-foot ladder truck.
in Moravia they play the dulcimer, and in Bohemia the bagpipes. Regardless of the fact that in Moravia the bagpipes (which Moravians call gajdy) are still played to this day in many places, and conversely people play the dulcimer in Bohemia, bagpipes are almost always involved whenever people claim to be offering a representative sample of Czech folk music.