bagpipe


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bagpipe,

musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.

Bibliography

See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
He said: "It will be a bank holiday celebration of bagpipe music, old and new, played on pipes from England, Scotland and France.
But he still feels that there is no sound quite like the bagpipes, when played well - and it will not matter if his new band are mostly Welsh.
I had already made a piece based on bagpipes, and other works using player piano--type devices and reeds and valves--in one case to try to simulate human speech and in another to generate harmonic humming similar to that of the Tuvan tradition from central Asia.
THE hi-tech bagpipes in Donald WG Lindsay's hands are the first of their kind in the world.
The future of the council-owned, 13th Century Chantry and its bagpipe museum has been a heated topic for years.
The two and a half hour event - the first of its kind to be held at the abbey by the Bagpipe Society - was also enjoyed by scores of Staffordshire families.
New Zealander Val Smith has added her voice to calls for Morpeth's Chantry Bagpipe Museum to stay where it is.
Nadeem Bhatti runs a bagpipe factory in Sialkot, in remote eastern Pakistan, which is also the Aisan sub-continent's tartan capital.
BAGS OF TRADITION: Abdul Hameed is busy with his grandson in his bagpipe workshop in Sialkot, Pakistan
In addition to several traditional Scottish bagpipe and drum bands, visitors could listen to Eric Rigler & Bad Haggis, a musical group that combined fiddle, bagpipe and electric guitar for a modern twist.
I asked the bagpipe player to stand outside an empty building but he refused to do so.
If they could just get it to pound cake - its state of hubris - then the bagpipe would play "Amazing Grace.