bagpipe

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bagpipe,

musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.

Bibliography

See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
Ron Hamilton, a member of the band in the early 1960s, recounted how the bagpipers came about.
The documentary is built up as a mosaic from the testimony of musicians (foreign bagpipers are represented as well), concerts from festivals and a quantity of archive materials--not just historical recordings of performances but excerpts from feature films that show how bagpipes have been presented in Bohemia and the symbolic aura they have come to possess.
The official ceremony ended in about 10 minutes, but the bagpiper continued to play, bringing tears to the eyes of many of the participants.
In fact, as Gibson demonstrates, many bagpipers studied piping and built their repertoire during the years following Culloden and subsequently served in the Seven Years' War and in the American revolutionary and Indian subcontinental wars.
Or, heather in fields a purple glazed mist the bagpiper walks through, breaking stride only for the boulder, his pipes blowing for all Hell to hear.
From the produce aisle to the deli counter, heads turned as a bagpiper in full Scottish kilt and hat walked through the supermarket.
VISUALS: Uniformed firefighters and police officers, firefighter honor guard and bagpiper, antique steamer fire engine and trained Dalmatian dog.
Pato is a Galician bagpiper, pianist and composer, and Golijov a Grammy Award-winning composer.
BURNS PARTY: A bagpiper, above, and Scottish folk dancer, right, join in the festivities at St George's Hall, Liverpool Pictures: JASON ROBERTS
A paedophile police officer exposed by the Sunday Mail also worked as a bagpiper at a landmark castle.
JUBILEE DATE: Conductor Garry Walker (above) and bagpiper Robert Jordan (below) will lead the musical celebrations at a concert in Huddersfield marking the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Corner?
In today's picture a bagpiper leads the procession up Pipers Hill in Northumberland to lay wreaths in memory of the those who died at the Battle of Flodden in 1513.