bagpipe

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bagpipe,

musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.

Bibliography

See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The most worrisome and saddest is the phasing out of the book and music, according to my husband, Andrew, a "highland bagpiper" who recently turned 98.
The actor was recently seen shooting for a Bagpiper soda commercial and looked absolutely comfortable in the skin of the character, a quality that can be seen across his work.
The documentary is built up as a mosaic from the testimony of musicians (foreign bagpipers are represented as well), concerts from festivals and a quantity of archive materials--not just historical recordings of performances but excerpts from feature films that show how bagpipes have been presented in Bohemia and the symbolic aura they have come to possess.
The official ceremony ended in about 10 minutes, but the bagpiper continued to play, bringing tears to the eyes of many of the participants.
A bagpiper plays "Amazing Grace" for a joint ceremony by the 598th Transportation Group and the U.S.
Mark: I was four times English champion as a solo bagpiper. Not many people knew that.
The author mentions a woman, Catherine MacLennan, a bagpiper in the second half of the nineteenth century but leaves unanswered a number of interesting questions: to what extent was it typical for a woman to study bagpiping?
Or, heather in fields a purple glazed mist the bagpiper walks through, breaking stride only for the boulder, his pipes blowing for all Hell to hear.
From the produce aisle to the deli counter, heads turned as a bagpiper in full Scottish kilt and hat walked through the supermarket.
A HOMELESS war hero who died aged 48 was remembered yesterday with a lone bagpiper's lament.
Pato is a Galician bagpiper, pianist and composer, and Golijov a Grammy Award-winning composer.