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an epic and lyric epic genre of Tatar and Bashkir popular poetry. The term comes from the Arabic bayt (couplet). As a rule, the bait is composed of quatrains with an aaba or abcb rhyme scheme, and it may be as long as 100 quatrains. The genre arose in the 14th and 15th centuries. Prerevolutionary baits may be grouped in cycles according to their themes: military historical and soldiers’ baits and baits about forced labor, peasant uprisings, the hard lot of women, and so forth. There are also satirical and humorous baits.

The basis of the majority of baits is the impact of overwhelming circumstances on the protagonist. Therefore, the death of the hero and a monologue by him—a farewell to life and his family—are characteristic of the genre. A traditional beginning, common locations, and borrowings from sung poetry are encountered in the bait. Many baits have their own melodies, which make up a special part of popular music. Baits are still composed.


Katanov, N. F. Istoricheskie pesni kazanskikh tatar. Kazan, 1899.
Bádig, Kh. Khalïk ädäbiyätï, top 1, bülek 3. Kazan, 1913.
Yärxmi, Kh. Bäetlar. Kazan, 1960.
Nadirov, I. Khalïk häm zhïr. Kazan, 1961.




in the protection of plants, any one of various substances to attract harmful rodents and insects with the aim of exterminating them. Baits include food traps and attractants.

The use of food traps is based on a knowledge of the nutritional requirements and the food-seeking and feeding habits of various pest species. The basis for the use of attractants lies in the study of the mechanisms for the release, dissemination, and sensing of special compounds by insects. Baits may be non-poisonous (for example, decoy crops), poisonous (with the addition of pesticides), or microbial (treated with pathogenic bacteria causing a typhoidlike disease in rodents). They may be wet, semidry, or dry. Ground plant leaves, hay, straw, grain, oil cakes, bran, and, sometimes, manure (against locust) are used as bait substrates. Liquid oils known as stickers (sunflower and cottonseed oils) are used to bind insoluble poisons onto baits.

The production of poisonous baits should not endanger humans. They should be produced outdoors at special sites located far from domestic animals. Baits for mole crickets and grasshoppers are distributed in fields. Baits for susliks, voles, and water rats are placed in fields and gardens in or near the rodent’s burrows. The best places to set baits for mice and rats are storehouses, dwellings, and barns. The average amount of bait for one burrow is 1-2 g. Approximately 0.5-5 g are required for 1 sq m of room or enclosed ground, and 30-40 kg is needed for a hectare.


Poliakov, I. Ia. Vrednye gryzuny i bor’ba s nimi, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1968.
Berim, N. G. Khimicheskaia zashchita rastenii, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1972.


What does it mean when you dream about bait?

As a lure, bait is usually associated with fishing, although in a dream fishing can symbolize anything from fishing for a deal to fishing for a compliment.

References in periodicals archive ?
Wilder Baiter Partners will demolish the existing nursing home before beginning construction on Macy Manor, a new development of 17 single-family homes on a seven -acre site.
Kluman and Baiter not only stocks the basic bread mixes but it offers other items essential to the specialist baker such as improvers, yeast, seeds and spices, nuts and dried fruits to make sweet loaves.
Also speaking at the dedication were Naomi Bayer, director of the New York State Affordable Housing Corporation; and William Baiter, whose Baiter Properties, Inc.
Kluman and Baiter also supply marzipan formulated for decorating purposes, colourings and powdered sugar for snow dustings.
A baiter responded by saying he was Father Bateyoo Reelgud of the Church of Fish and Bread and would send pounds 150,000 if Baba posed with a fish on his head eating a loaf.
And that is exactly what Kluman and Baiter offers its customers.
Alongside products marketed under the Kaybee name, Kluman & Baiter offers most proprietary brands, all available from stock and supplied in industry standard packs.
Bakery ingredient supplier Kluman & Baiter has moved from its Enfield site to purpose-built facilities in the new 'io' Centre at Waltham Cross, adjacent to the M25.
A FEROCIOUS dog breed which was extinct for hundreds of years has been brought back to life by Scots badger baiters.
SUSPECTED badger baiters are today being questioned by RSPCA inspectors determined to stamp out the cruel sport.
Police and the RSPCA target suspected badger baiters in Consett.
Turkey hunters, bear baiters, and even whitetail fanatics are all finding the silent speed of a bike advantageous.