training

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training

(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.

Training

 

in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.

REFERENCES

See references under PRUNING FRUIT AND BERRY PLANTS.

B. P. ANZIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The values of strength asymmetry assessed using the OLH and SH were significantly diminished in the EG and lead us to propose the hypothesis that the balance training exercises employed were efficacious in improving the athletes' control of ground reaction force (Russell et al.
By referring to standard mean difference in the previous balance training studies reviewed by Zech et al.
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This procurement concerns a framework agreement on Movement Strength and Balance Training Tools.
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But this is made even more challenging when forced to balance training and competing with studying for A-Levels.
Understanding and properly performing stability and balance training in patients require complete knowledge of the sources of patients' postural problems.
Researchers found that stroke patients who did a home-based program that focused on strength and balance training, with instruction provided by a physical therapist, experienced the same gains in walking speed, functional abilities, and quality of life as patients who got treatment at a rehab center on a treadmill that supported their body weight.
As more and more Americans reach the age where they need assistance going about their daily lives, proactive programs that address balance training, home safety and other household needs of the elderly are badly needed.