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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Soto-Varela et al., "Vibrotactile neurofeedback balance training in patients with Parkinson's disease: reducing the number of falls," Gait & Posture, vol.
CONCLUSION: In the present study it is concluded that 3 weeks of conventional exercise program along with balance training proved to be an effective method to improve the balance in subjects with transtibial amputees with either conventional and in Ultramodern prosthesis.
The effects of balance training frequency on the balance ability in healthy young adults.
It seems that as a consequence of balance training, some aspects of vestibular performance could have been positively enhanced in the children.
Having discussed the major outcome of the pose performance, the next section summarizes the potential performance skills that would benefit from pose performance and enhanced balance training. The author found that the addition of the pose performance components to music performance training could result in the improvement of many aspects, such as body alignment, breathing, tonal quality, air speed and pitch accuracy, as follows.
In order to discuss the importance of the CNS adaptation in injury prevention oriented balance training, it is necessary to understand situational limitation of proprioceptive feedback.
So now you might be wondering how you do balance training exercises.
After 2 weeks, he progressed to strength training to battle muscle weakness and balance training to stabilize his lack of coordination (6).
We have read "Effect of balance training in older adults using Wii fit plus" by Afridi and colleagues with interest.1 We would like to appreciate the authors for highlighting an important yet neglected issue of balance training in older adults.
"For me it is difficult to balance training and social life because training dictates we have to spend a lot of time in the gym.
The other group did yoga, balance training or weight training three times a week.
Fall Prevention Training Services, LLC of Franklin, MI provides fall prevention and balance training for older adults, care givers, community service organizations and professionals in the fitness, personal & health care industries.