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Inflammation of the glans of the penis or of the clitoris.



inflammation of the glans penis. It is usually associated with prepuce inflammation, or posthitis (bal-anoposthitis). Balanitis occurs chiefly in children whose glans penis is covered by the prepuce, especially if the latter is tight (phimosis). A distinction is made between primary and secondary balanitis. Primary balanitis can be caused by bacteria, retained urine, smegma, and so on in the preputial sac in congenital phimosis and the like. Secondary balanitis arises when an infection (such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, or syphilis) spreads to the glans penis from the urethra. Among the systemic diseases, such diseases as diabetes mel-litus and allergic disorders (eczema, hives) may be conducive to the development of balanitis. Balanitis is manifested by pain, ureteral colic while urinating, reddening or even ulceration of the skin of the glans penis and prepuce, suppurative discharges from under it, edema of the penis, and enlargement of the inguinal lymph nodes.

Treatment includes the use of anti-inflammatory drugs (such as antibiotics, baths with disinfectants), as well as surgery in phimosis and recurrent balanitis combined with diabetes. The condition is prevented by observing the rules of personal hygiene.

References in periodicals archive ?
Another shape of ulcer that was not seen in STU was annular shaped ulcers, which was seen in one case of circinate balanitis, a non-STU.
Non-venereal genital dermatoses which included balanitis of various other causes, both infective and non-infective, like Zoon's balanitis and normal skin variants like pearly penile papules were seen in 53 (8.
Candidal balanitis presents as a sore and/ or pruritic erythematous rash with small papules, erosions or dry dull areas with glazed appearance (Table-1)
The 21% (197 / 944) of the boys were said to have difficulty in urination but they neither had urinary tract infection nor balanitis attacks in their history.
21) In men, LSA (also referred to as balanitis xerotica obliterans) characteristically involves the glans and foreskin, while sparing the perianal region.
Identification of potential species Croton bonplandianum, sedges and Balanitis aegyptiaca for the application of phytoremediation.
62] Other risk factors for penile cancer that have been reported include current smoking, early age of first sexual intercourse, high lifetime number of female sexual partners, lack of condom use, chronic inflammatory conditions including balanitis and lichen sclerosus, and treatment with ultraviolet photochemotherapy for psoriasis.
Effect of the traditional medicinal plants Rhazya stricta, Balanitis aegyptiaca and Haplophylum tuberculatum on paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
In his trial, Gravell argued he had a skin disease called balanitis xerotica obliterans, which made sexual intercourse painful and led to him having no interest in pornography.
Nevuslere ek olarak psoriazis, balanitis gibi eriskinleri de etkile-yebilen bazi benign lezyonlar tanimlanmistir.
This practice was also said to protect against syphilis, phimosis, paraphimosis, balanitis, and "excessive venery," which was believed to cause paralysis (Gollaher, 2001).