bald cypress

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bald cypress,

common name for members of the Taxodiaceae, a small family of deciduous or evergreen conifers with needlelike or scalelike leaves and woody cones. Most species of the family are trees of East Asia; almost all are cultivated for ornament (and are often erroneously called firs or pines). The redwoods (see sequoiasequoia
, name for the redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and for the big tree, or giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), both huge, coniferous evergreen trees of the bald cypress family, and for extinct related species.
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) and the bald cypresses are the only species native to North America. The bald cypresses (genus Taxodium) were widely distributed in the geologic past but are now restricted to the SE United States and Mexico. They are called "bald" because of their deciduous character, unusual in conifers. The common bald cypress (T. distichum) forms dense forests in the southeastern swamplands and is a common tree of the Everglades. It produces "knees" which project from the root system upward above water level to facilitate gas exchange. Because it is resistant to wood-rotting fungi, it is valued as softwood lumber for shingles, trim, and especially for greenhouse benches and racks. T. mucronatum, the big cypress or Mexican bald cypress, is a larger tree with a more western range. The true cypressescypress,
common name for members of the Cupressaceae, a widely distributed family of coniferous shrubs and trees, several yielding valuable timber. The major genera are Juniperus (juniper), Thuja (arborvitae), and Cupressus (the true cypresses).
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 belong to a separate family. The bald cypress family is classified in the division PinophytaPinophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called gymnosperms. The gymnosperms, a group that includes the pine, have stems, roots and leaves, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Pinopsida, order Coniferales.

Bald cypress

2. A deciduous softwood tree resistant to decay and often used in contact with the soil and for exposed elements such as wood shingles; also used for flooring and trim. See also: Wood
References in periodicals archive ?
These backwater swamps, populated with bald cypress and water tupelo trees, are some of the most biologically productive ecosystems in the world and provide food and habitat for a variety of plants and animals.
During both breeding seasons (May-August) we recorded 27 and 31 individuals, respectively; including one juvenile in Sabinitos, municipality of San Juan de Sabinas (17 June 2005), two nests with two adults and one juvenile each in Santa Maria, municipality of San Juan de Sabinas (in bald cypress, 26 June 2007), and two adults (one swooping a ribbon snake: Thamnophis), in Las Rucias, municipality of Melchor Muzquiz (17 July 2005).
Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) is a long-lived, deciduous, wetland species that is frequently dominant in alluvial swamp forests of the southeastern United States.
Size class was correlated to an index of electivity, with the 1 to 5-cm size class the most preferred size class for all woody species except for rough-leaf dogwood, Mexican buckeye, and bald cypress ([r.
3) of far southwestern Indiana that hold standing water throughout the year, or nearly so, range from essentially pure stands of bald cypress, to stands mixed with silver maple, river birch (Betula nigra L.
Miami has its palm trees and the Louisiana bayou its bald cypress, but live oaks symbolize an entire region and a way of life that never truly ended but can also never return.
In fact, only one other native North American conifer, the bald cypress, sheds its needles, but that Southeastern swamp dweller does so without the benefit of the Western larch's visual pyrotechnics.
The favorite resident is "The Senator," one of the oldest and largest bald cypress trees in the country.
Few previously published dendrochronologies from the East Coast go back more than 300 years, and only one chronology -- which uses the bald cypress tree -- goes back farther than 1,000 years, he explains.
section, featuring Red Maple, Bald Cypress, Gumbo Limbo, Live Oak, Leather Fern, Wild Coffee, Wax Myrtle and Simpson Stopper, helps re-colonization of native species and increases foraging habitats for wading birds.
Sprouts can form from the cut trunk of bald cypress trees as old as 60 years.