bald cypress


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bald cypress,

common name for members of the Taxodiaceae, a small family of deciduous or evergreen conifers with needlelike or scalelike leaves and woody cones. Most species of the family are trees of East Asia; almost all are cultivated for ornament (and are often erroneously called firs or pines). The redwoods (see sequoiasequoia
, name for the redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and for the big tree, or giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), both huge, coniferous evergreen trees of the bald cypress family, and for extinct related species.
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) and the bald cypresses are the only species native to North America. The bald cypresses (genus Taxodium) were widely distributed in the geologic past but are now restricted to the SE United States and Mexico. They are called "bald" because of their deciduous character, unusual in conifers. The common bald cypress (T. distichum) forms dense forests in the southeastern swamplands and is a common tree of the Everglades. It produces "knees" which project from the root system upward above water level to facilitate gas exchange. Because it is resistant to wood-rotting fungi, it is valued as softwood lumber for shingles, trim, and especially for greenhouse benches and racks. T. mucronatum, the big cypress or Mexican bald cypress, is a larger tree with a more western range. The true cypressescypress,
common name for members of the Cupressaceae, a widely distributed family of coniferous shrubs and trees, several yielding valuable timber. The major genera are Juniperus (juniper), Thuja (arborvitae), and Cupressus (the true cypresses).
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 belong to a separate family. The bald cypress family is classified in the division PinophytaPinophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called gymnosperms. The gymnosperms, a group that includes the pine, have stems, roots and leaves, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Pinopsida, order Coniferales.

Bald cypress

1.
2. A deciduous softwood tree resistant to decay and often used in contact with the soil and for exposed elements such as wood shingles; also used for flooring and trim. See also: Wood
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Below: The bald cypress growing in Reelfoot Lake have stood their ground since a series of earthquakes flooded the forest in 1811-1812.
Roth F (1898) Progress in timber physics: bald cypress. Forest Service Circular 19.
Tree susceptibility to wind may be species specific and our observations were consistent with Conner et al., (2002) who found more trees had fallen from wind in periodically flooded swamps of Louisiana and South Carolina [common species there included sweet gum, American elm (Ulmus americana L.), oaks, and other hardwoods] than in swamps that are flooded most of the year (common species included bald cypress and water tupelo).
Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) is a long-lived, deciduous, wetland species that is frequently dominant in alluvial swamp forests of the southeastern United States.
Size class was correlated to an index of electivity, with the 1 to 5-cm size class the most preferred size class for all woody species except for rough-leaf dogwood, Mexican buckeye, and bald cypress ([r.sup.2] = 0.998, [F.sub.2,3] = 363.72, P > 0.001) (Fig.
3) of far southwestern Indiana that hold standing water throughout the year, or nearly so, range from essentially pure stands of bald cypress, to stands mixed with silver maple, river birch (Betula nigra L.), pecan (Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) K.
It is well known for its great water recreation spots, including Trap Pond and Trussum Pond, homes to the northernmost natural stand of bald cypress trees in North America, including the two tallest trees in Delaware.
A The fast-growing trees for your area include varieties such as bald cypress, lacebark elm, tulip tree and willow oak.
The remaining hardwood species include bald cypress, black walnut, green ash, pecan (native), persimmon and water tupelo.
Pearsall's project eventually aims to keep peat sequestered under the soil by planting the coast with thousands of salt-tolerant bald cypress trees.
STANDING IN A SKIFF alongside a towering bald cypress tree in the shallow waters of central Florida's Lake Istokpoga, biologist Mike McMillian grips one end of a climbing rope.
Miami has its palm trees and the Louisiana bayou its bald cypress, but live oaks symbolize an entire region and a way of life that never truly ended but can also never return.