The combination of hemichorea-hemiballismus comprises of more proximal, higher-amplitude movements (ballismus
and lower-amplitude, more distal movements (chorea).
The hemiballismus then evolved to bilateral ballismus
in all extremities over a two-week period.
(3) Motor dysfunctions--a wide range of abnormal movements are frequently observed, for example orofacial dyskinesias, chorea, ballismus
, athetosis, rigidity, stereotyped movements, myorhythmia, or opisthotonus [2, 6, 53, 54].
A research done in National Institute of Child Health (NICH), Pakistan, reported incidence of kernicterus in hyperbilirubinaemic premature infants to be 2-16%.1 Of them, 75% or more of such infants died and 80% of affected survivors were reported to have bilateral choreoathetosis with involuntary muscle spasms, and other neurodevelopmental abnormalities, such as sensorineural hearing loss, hypotonia, tremors, ballismus
, delayed motor skills, and rarely, intellectual deficit.1,8 Increased concentration of bilirubin in the brain requiring exchange transfusion along with early age of onset of hyperbilirubinaemia increasing the duration of exposure to bilirubin are important determinants of the neurotoxic effects of bilirubin.2,9
Guillain-Barre sendromu primer olarak periferik sinir sisteminin hastaligi olmasina ragmen, Miller-Fisher sendromu varyantinda ataksi ve oftalmopleji gibi ozelliklerin gorulmesi ve bazi GBS vakalarinda ballismus
, hiperrefleksi tespit edilmesi ve kontrast maddenin kan-beyin bariyerini gectiginin bildirilmis olmasi gibi nedenlerden dolayi cok sayida yazar GBS'nin tutulum sekli konusunda kuskuludur (5).
is one of the most dramatic pictures of movement disorder.
Impairment of basal ganglia function is the underlying factor in development of motor symptoms in PD (see Table 1, below), involuntary movements (ballismus
and choreas) in Huntington's disease and the dyskinesias associated with drugs that affect dopaminergic transmission.
She continues to experience dysarthrotic speech, buccolingual choreoathetosis with generalized choreoathetosis and intermittent dystonia and ballismus
, which affect her gait and fine-motor skills, Dr.