The millet and maize crops mature during monsoon months which coincide with second peak in breeding of the bandicoot rat in croplands of Pothwar area (Hussain et al., 2003).
Burrow characteristics of lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota bengalensis) in the agro-ecosystem of Pothwar Plateau, Pakistan.
The losses due to rodent pests (mainly the bandicoot rat) therefore have a serious impact on the income of the resource poor farmers (Fulk et al., 1980a; Brooks et al., 1988; Khan et al., 2009).
Lesser bandicoot rat burrows were identified by examining the size of burrow openings, excavated soil particles, presence of fecal droppings (size and shape) or foot tracks.
The lesser bandicoot rat is considered one of the most destructive rodent pests in croplands of central and northern Punjab, lower Sindh and AJandK areas of Pakistan (Fulk et al., 1980a,b; Brooks et al., 1988; Siddique and Arshad, 2003; Hussain et al., 2003; Rana et al., 2006; Khan et al., 2009; Maqbool et al., 2011).
The quantity of grain stored by lesser bandicoot rat has been well documented from Bangladesh, India and Pakistan because of its pest status and economic impact on rice and wheat productivity (Roy, 1974; Chakraborty, 1977; Fulk, 1977; Poche et al., 1982).
Khokhar (1986) computed a total damage index based on diet and trap success, and found that the lesser bandicoot rat contributed 13.5% of the damage to wheat.
Table I.- Characteristic features of lesser bandicoot rat burrow systems (n = 4) recorded in AJ and K at Chela Bandi wheat fields during May, 2008.
Therefore, present study was designed to explore the prevalence of pathogenic bacteria in fecal matter, urine and blood of bandicoot rat inhabiting the poultry farms.
in fecal matter, urine and blood of bandicoot rat residing at poultry farms is given in Table 1.
Four species of murid rodents, namely the lesser bandicoot rat, Bandicota bengalensis, the house mouse Mus musculus, the soft-furred field rat or metad Millardia meltada, and Indian gerbil Tatera indica, were represented in the samples of trapped animals.
In the bandicoot rat the trap success ranged from 0.1% (in the cotton fields) to 5.0% (in the sugarcane fields).