banishment

(redirected from banishments)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal.

banishment:

see exileexile,
removal of a national from his or her country, or the civilized parts of it, for a long period of time or for life. Exile may be a forceful expulsion by the government or a voluntary removal by the citizen, sometimes in order to escape punishment.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Banishment

Acadians
America’s lost tribe; suffered expulsion under British. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 2; Am. Lit.: “Evangeline” in Hart, 263]
Adam and Eve
banished from the Garden of Eden for eating forbidden fruit. [O.T.: Genesis 3:23–24]
anemone
ordered from Flora’s court. [Gk. Myth.: Flora Symbolica, 172]
Bolingbroke, Henry
banished, along with Mowbray, by King Richard. [Br. Lit.: Shakespeare Richard II]
Cain
cast out from homeland for murdering Abel. [O.T.: Genesis 4:12]
Devil’s Island
former French penal colony off French Guiana. [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 754]
Elba
site of Napoleon’s first exile (1814). [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 854]
fire and water
Roman symbol of exile. [Rom. Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 451]
Hagar and Ishmael
Sarah orders Abraham to drive them out. [O.T.: Genesis 21:9–13]
Ivanhoe
disinherited by father, Cedric the Saxon. [Br. Lit.: Ivanhoe]
Jenik
banished by jealous stepmother. [Czech. Opera: Smetana, Bartered Bride, Westerman, 404]
Nolan, Philip
treasonous man sentenced to live remainder of life at sea. [Am. Lit.: Man Without a Country]
Oedipus
exiles himself for killing father and marrying mother. [Gk. Lit.: Oedipus Rex]
Patmos
island of exile for St. John. [N.T.: Revelation 1:9]
Posthumus
marries Cymbeline’s daughter; Cymbeline banishes him. [Br. Lit.: Cymbeline]
Pride’s Purge
Cromwell’s ejection of royalist MPs (1648). [Br. Hist.: Brewer Handbook, 871]
Rosalind
her sylvan exile sets scene for comedy. [Br. Lit.: As You Like It]
Saint Helena
place of Napoleon’s second exile (1815). [Fr. Hist.: NCE, 2397]
Siberia
place of banishment and exile. [Geography. NCE, 2509–2510]
Trail of Tears
forced march of 18,000 Cherokees westward to Indian Territory (Oklahoma); 4,000 die of disease and exposure (winter, 1838–1839). [Am. Hist.: EB, 2: 808]
Tristram
expelled from Cornwall by King Mark for ten years. [Br. Lit.: Le Morte d’Arthur]
Untouchables
lowest caste in India; social outcasts. [Ind. Culture: Brewer Dictionary, 1118]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Traditionally, banishment was intended to serve a rehabilitative purpose, with the banished person returning to and reintegrating with the community at the end of the banishment period.
BANISHMENT AND TRIBAL JURISDICTION OVER NON-NATIVES
(97) Quasi-criminal cases are civil cases that result in punitive sanctions--a sanction that is "so 'divorced' from any remedial or compensatory goal that [it] constitute[s] punishment that invokes constitutional limits not implicated in ordinary civil process." (98) Quasi-criminal cases are defined by their associated "significant loss of liberty, often coupled with stigmatic harm"--such as with their use to prevent sex offenders from residing in certain areas." This classification applies to tribal banishment of non-Native Alaskans and indicates that such banishment is likely quasi-criminal and not exclusively a civil matter.
These cases must be brought as quasi-criminal cases when banishment is a punishment option because tribal courts cannot exercise criminal jurisdiction over non-members and banishment is more severe than traditional civil penalties.
This Note is focused on banishment of non-Natives and will not include an expansive discussion of tribal jurisdiction over members.
(148) Expressing concern about due process issues does not negate the validity of tribal court jurisdiction or banishment as a whole; it simply indicates standards that must be met within the existing system.
But Europe imposes these banishments as an extraordinary
Whatever happened to banishment? It is one of the fundamental forms
shows banishment to be among the most basic instruments with which the
rehabilitation, at least in a reintegrative sense: banishment is for
or deterrence: banishment does indeed take something of value from
banishment's meaning outruns retribution, deterrence,