banner

(redirected from banners)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Idioms.

banner

Computing an advertisement, often animated, that extends across the width of a web page
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Banner

 

the emblem of a military unit. A banner is a piece of cloth (fabric) of a specified size and color attached to a shaft with a cap, usually a metal tip in the shape of a spear or some other symbol.

States of the ancient East, India, China, and even some earlier states used banners as signs of the assembly and rallying point of warriors. Such banners consisted of some symbol on a high staff well visible from a great distance. Sometimes special boards or pieces of cloth with inscriptions and symbolic representations were attached to the staffs or crossbars. In ancient Rome, for instance, an eagle attached to a staff was the emblem of a legion. In the 11th century, coats of arms and later images of the cross and other holy Christian articles appeared on banners. The place of the banner in the combat formation, the honors to be rendered to it, the duties in protecting the banner, and the punishment for losing it were established for the first time in the 15th century in France. In the early 16th century the term “standard” replaced the term “banner” in cavalry units.

The banner of the ancient Slav was called stiag and was a pole with a patch of grass or a horse’s mane on the top. Later banners were made of cloth of different colors. In the late 15th century the term znamia (banner) replaced the term stiag in Russia. When the streltsy (semiprofessional musketeers) regiments were formed in 1550, they were given banners, one large banner for each regiment and a small banner for each unit of 100 men. Standard forms and designs of banners with different colors for different units were established under Peter I in the early 18th century. A regiment that lost its banner in battle was to be disbanded, and special awards were instituted for the capture of enemy banners in battle. The Russian army had regimental banners, called standards (in cavalry regiments) and host banners (in the cossack troops).

Banners were introduced in the Red Army in 1918. They were red in color; the size of the cloth and the content and design varied. The first banners were presented to units by party and Soviet organizations and workers of the factories and plants that participated in the formation of the unit.

In June 1926 the Central Executive Committee and Sovnarkom (Council of People’s Commissars) of the USSR confirmed a standard model of the banner for units of the Red Army. In the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR confirmed a new model of the Red Banner for active units (decree of Dec. 21, 1942), models of the Red Banner for the Guard Army and the Guard Corps and statutes on them (decree of June 11, 1943), and a new model of the Red Banner for units of the navy (decree of Feb. 5, 1944). The banner of units of the Soviet Army consists of a red two-faced cloth, a staff, and a cord with tassels. If the unit has been awarded an order of the USSR, the order or an order ribbon is attached to the banner. Warships have the ensign of the USSR, a white cloth with a light-blue band along the lower edge and red-colored images of the pentagonal star and the hammer and sickle. According to the Internal Service Regulations of the Armed Forces of the USSR, confirmed by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on Aug. 23, 1960, banners are presented to regiments, brigades (composed of battalions without combined-arms numeration), individual battalions, air squadrons, military training establishments and units, and fleet training centers. Banners are not given to units of local rifle troops, disciplinary units, medical and sanitation units, transport units, and some other units, except for those units that have been awarded orders of the USSR. Guard units receive guard banners.

A unit receives a banner after it is formed, on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. The unit retains the banner for as long as it exists, regardless of changes in the designation or numbering of the unit. The banner is always with the unit, and on the battlefield it is in the area of the unit’s combat actions. If the banner is lost, the commander of the unit and the people directly responsible for it face a military tribunal, and the military unit is disbanded. The banner is “the symbol of military honor, valor, and glory; it serves as a reminder to each soldier, sergeant, officer, and general of the sacred duty to serve loyally the Soviet motherland”(Ustav vnutrennei sluzhby Vooruzhennykh Sil Soiuza SSR, 1969, p. 191).

REFERENCES

Ustav vnutrennei sluzhby Vooruzhennykh Sil Soiuza SSR. Moscow, 1969.
Reipol’skii, S. N. Boevoe Krasnoe znamia. Moscow, 1964.

A. S. MAKSIMENKO

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

banner

[′ban·ər]
(botany)
The fifth or posterior petal of a butterfly-shaped (papilionaceous) flower.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

banner

(1)
The title page added to printouts by most print spoolers. Typically includes user or account ID information in very large character-graphics capitals. Also called a "burst page", because it indicates where to burst (tear apart) fanfold paper to separate one user's printout from the next.

banner

(2)
A similar printout generated (typically on multiple pages of fan-fold paper) from user-specified text, e.g. by a program such as Unix's "banner".

banner

(3)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

banner ad

A graphic image used on websites to advertise a product or service. Banner ads, or simply "banners," are rectangles typically 468 pixels wide by 60 pixels high. They also come in other common sizes, including 460x60, 460x55 and 392x72. A much larger horizontal ad image called the "leaderboard" is 728x90, while "skyscraper ads" are narrow and vertically oriented, typically 120x600 and 160x600. See trick banner, dynamic rotation, interstitial ad, Shoshkele, SUPERSTITIAL, meta ad and impression.


CLC's Banner Ad
This 468x60 pixel image is an earlier banner ad for this encyclopedia from The Computer Language Company.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
The banners with the headline of 'Mahabharat, A Step Forward', apparently a print of screen shot of a twitter account supporting the recent Indian step regarding Kashmir read as 'Sanjay Raut, Shiv Sena in Rajya Saba: Aaj Jammu and Kashmir Liya Hai.
Banners and posters have been banned by the Parks and Horticulture Authority (PHA) on the pillars of the elevated road, but this has not deterred local PTI leaders.
Malacanang earlier accused 'enemies of the government' to be behind the hanging of the banners.
Lim Pheaktrey, a Preah Sihanouk municipal administration official in charge of public administration and environment, told The Post on Monday that the spelling errors were caused by literal translations to Khmer using Google Translate as shop owners made their banners independently.
Imran Hamid Sheikh,who is also District Monitoring Officer crackdown initiated against banners displayed in violation of the code of conduct.
PESHAWAR -- District administration removed hundreds of banners of the electoral candidates from different areas of the provincial metropolis over violation of the code of conduct announced by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP).
DADU -- Following the direction of Election Commission of Pakistan dadu district authority has removed the banners and posters of political parties and they had warned to display banners and posters code of conduct limits size otherwise they would be punshed according to law, here on Friday.
PESHAWAR -- Provincial spokesman of the Awami National Party (ANP) Haroon Bashir Bilour warned Town Nazim Peshawar for removing ANP banners and suggested him to give due attention to resolve people problem without party affiliation.
The provocative banners that were discovered earlier today in Pandamaran, Klang are being investigated under the Sedition Act and two individuals have been arrested over the incident, police confirmed today.
As campaigning for the June 13 local elections cranks up, the streets are filled with banners for the 9,332 candidates vying for some 4,000 positions.
This woman is responsible for making some of the most well known and incredible Liverpool FC banners that have been displayed by Reds fans at home and across the world.
SUTTON -- Sutton High School athletic teams have been winning championships since 1952, and until three years ago, individual banners marking each league, division and state championship hung in the school's gymnasium.