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(băn`ək), Native North Americans who formerly ranged over wide territory of the N Great Plains and into the foothills of the Rocky Mts. They were concentrated in S Idaho. Their language belonged to the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). Their culture was typical of the Plains tribes (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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). In 1869, Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho was established for them and for the Northern ShoshoneShoshone
or Shoshoni
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). In the early 19th cent.
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, with whom the Bannock were closely associated. Loss of hunting lands, disappearance of the buffalo, and lack of assistance from the U.S. government led to a Bannock uprising in 1878, which was suppressed. Most Bannock and the Northern Shoshone live at the Fort Hall Reservation. In 1990 there were about 3,500 Shoshone-Bannock in the United States.


See B. D. Madsen, The Bannock of Idaho (1958); R. F. Murphy, Shoshone-Bannock Subsistence and Society (1960).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The daughter of Shamardal is a half-sister to Listed scorer Bannock and she certainly caught the eye with a neat turn of foot to land division one of the seven-furlong maiden.
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But forage is so filled with the urgency of heart and heartbreak and the demand for justice that I want to quote entire poems in full, in order to attest to the miraculous way "faith hides in little pockets like the heart/ and the throat" in this collection, for the way Wong adjudicates the shameful circumstance of "a gay boy who made the best damn bannock i've ever tasted./ there's no justice for him to die," for terrible efficiency of the grief and anger in "the dance of the dutiful daughter," for the way a "walled mind becomes a coffin," for how the poet "hears trees creak a careful warning." Wong's commanding voice commences a cry that seems to incite the entire earth and its peoples into a vital song of resistance.
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First, he provides an in-depth history of two understudied tribes, the Shoshone and Bannock of Idaho.