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(Banten), feudal state (sultanate) in West Java from the early 16th to the early 19th centuries. Until 1568, Bantam was the vassal of Demak. It flourished in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, when it expanded its territorial conquests in West Java and southern Sumatra and became an important center for the pepper trade and for intermediary trade in the archipelago. In the 16th century it waged a struggle with Mataram for hegemony on Java. English and Dutch trading stations appeared in Bantam at the start of the 17th century. Defeated in its struggle against Dutch aggression, Bantam became the vassal of the Dutch East India Company and transferred its trade monopoly to the Dutch by a treaty of 1683. Major anti-Dutch uprisings erupted in the mid-18th and early 19th centuries. After the occupation of Java (1811) by the English, the sultanate of Bantam was abolished in 1813. After returning to Java in 1816, the Dutch authorities established the residency of Ban-ten on the territory of the former sultanate. The territory of Bantam is part of the province of West Java in the republic of Indonesia.
REFERENCESAli, M. Perdjuangan feudal Indonesia. Bandung-Jakarta, 1963.
Vlekke, B. H. M. Nusantara.... The Hague-Bandung, 1960.