bantustan


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bantustan,

in 20th-century South African history, territory that was set aside under apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 for black South Africans and slated for eventual independence. Ten bantustans (later generally referred to as homelands), covering 14% of the country's land, were created from the former "native reserves." Four were proclaimed independent—TranskeiTranskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest.
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 (1976), BophuthatswanaBophuthatswana
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, c.17,000 sq mi (44,000 sq km), N South Africa. Bophuthatswana comprised seven separate areas, one along the Botswana border, the remainder enclaves within N and central South Africa.
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 (1977), VendaVenda
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, NE South Africa. It comprised two connected areas near the Zimbabwe border in what is now Limpopo prov. Kruger National Park bordered on its northeast, and the former homeland of Gazankulu bordered on the southeast.
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 (1979), and CiskeiCiskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
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 (1981)—but no foreign government recognized them as independent nations. Citizens of independent homelands lost the limited rights they had as South Africans. Under the South African constitution that was approved in 1993 and ended white rule, South African citizenship was restored to homeland residents, and the homelands were abolished.

Bantustan

(formerly, in South Africa) an area reserved for occupation by a Black African people, with limited self-government; abolished in 1993
References in periodicals archive ?
History and geography played a pivotal role in shaping the Eastern Cape first into Bantustans and later the Eastern Cape Province in a democratic South Africa (SA) (Figs.
The concept of Bantustans was envisioned to have a double effect over the intra and interracial group dynamics.
In one part of the former homeland, none other than Chief Matanzima, the former and considerably-hated Bantustan leader, headed a tribal court where people appeared before him as "Transkei citizens," citizens of a polity that no longer existed.
31) Yet the Bantustan 'citizenships' that were eventually enacted between 1976 and 1981 (four of the ten Bantustans that had been planned were effectively established) were inevitably based on a process of further divestment of rights and entitlements for black South Africans who lost their status as South African subjects.
That means destruction of the institutions of the potential Bantustan that was planned by Clinton and his Israeli partners.
Under apartheid, hereditary traditional leaders and their councils in the former Bantustan communities were responsible for allocating land held in trust by the state.
For the upshot of the bantustan arrangement is inevitably systematic political repression, whatever euphemisms may be used to avert attention from that fact.
Chiefs came to be seen more as coercive agents of the bantustan regimes.
A Palestine which ends up a Bantustan hotchpotch of mushrooming occupation is not viable.
When the Oslo Document was originally presented by the Israeli government to the Palestinian delegation to the Middle East peace negotiations in the fall of 1992, it was rejected by the delegation because it obviously constituted a bantustan.
After all, any unjust settlement will only serve the Israeli interest into sub-contracting the ugly business of maintaining occupation to a Palestinian faction, which would be to the Israeli's benefit all round, as they won't have to get too involved themselves, and the Palestinians further factionalize and busy themselves fighting each other, as resistance to a toothless and unviable Bantustan settlement would remain.
Bajo el principio de divide y reinaras, Sudafrica, siguiendo las recomendaciones de la Comision Odendaal, formo en este territorio el bantustan llamado Caprivi del Este, el cual fue destinado para los miembros de la etnia lozi.