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(băn`yən), species of fig (Ficus bengalensis) of the family Moraceae (mulberrymulberry,
common name for the Moraceae, a family of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, often climbing, mostly of pantropical distribution, and characterized by milky sap. Several genera bear edible fruit, e.g.
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 family), native to India, where it is venerated. Its seeds usually germinate in the branches of some tree where they have been dropped by birds. The young plant puts forth aerial rootlets, which, on reaching the ground, take root to form secondary trunks to support the giant horizontal limbs. Branches from these trunks ultimately send down more such prop roots until the banyan crowds out the host tree and becomes grovelike in appearance, often covering large areas. This undergrowth is sometimes trimmed to form arbors. Alexander the Great is said to have camped under a banyan tree that was big enough to shelter his whole army of 7,000 men. The seeds frequently germinate on walls and buildings, causing considerable damage, as do the related strangling figs of tropical America. Banyan is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Urticales, family Moraceae.


, banian
1. a moraceous tree, Ficus benghalensis, of tropical India and the East Indies, having aerial roots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
2. a member of the Hindu merchant caste of N and W India


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References in periodicals archive ?
Sweid & Sweid awarded a $68m contract last month to Civilco Civil Engineering & Contracting Company for the Banyan Tree Residences.
A resident-only clubhouse and spa will feature an authentic Banyan Tree experience, staffed by Banyan Tree therapists, while those looking to get active will have the use of a hitech fitness centre.
Banyan Tree Residences sits on DMCC but it is removed from the rest of the DMCC with a dedicated road that leads to Hillside Dubai.
Ho Kwon Ping, Executive Chairman of Banyan Tree Holdings commented: "This is our first entry into the emerging branded residence space in the Middle East.
Wells and Loeffler shaped their personal commitment ceremony around the hotel's Mayan Ceremony, a unique offering at Banyan Tree Mayakoba.
The dining at Banyan Tree was over-the-top, and I felt like I ate more than I should have each day (possibly because I was distracting myself from not getting romantic).
This is what sets the Banyan Tree apart from its iconic hotel peers.
The desert is also home to the incredible Banyan Tree Al Wadi resort, literally an oasis among the sands.
Banyan Tree Al Wadi in Ras Al Khaimah hosted nine autistic students between the ages of nine and fifteen for a fun and interactive morning of preparing and decorating cookies and muffins.
Holy to the Buddhists and the Hindus, the banyan tree is equally respectable to the Muslims of the region and thus, can be found at almost all the shrines," said Dr.
The story of a Banyan Tree is a documentary that takes a look at the 9000 years of spiritual heritage of Pakistan with layers of religions and cultures that co-existed and amalgamated into a tolerant society.