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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(barbels), a genus of fishes of the family Cyprinidae. Members of the genus have two pairs of barbels. The dorsal fin has a denticulated, sometimes smooth, spine.

Barbus are distributed in the continental waters of Africa, Europe, and Asia. The USSR has nine species, which are found in the basins of the Sea of Azov and the Black, Caspian, Baltic, and Aral seas. Barbus are divided into river species, such as the true barbel (B. barbus) and the Crimean barbel (B. tauricus), lake species, such as the Gokcha barbel (B. goktschaicus), and migratory species, such as the Aral barbel (B. brachycephalus) and Bulatmai barbel (B. capito).

The species of greatest commercial value is the Aral barbel, which lives in the Aral Sea. The Aral barbel is up to 120 cm long and weighs more than 20 kg. It feeds on bivalve mollusks. For spawning it enters rivers and swims several hundred kilometers upstream. It spawns from May through July. Fecundity is about 200,000 eggs. The majority of the fry descend to the sea the same year or the following year. In order to preserve the species, the Aral barbel is raised on fish farms.


Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lisa McGuigan, for Barbu, said:"He was led astray."
It is not at all surprising that the imaginary "drama of ideas," by which Ion Barbu articulates his vision, borrows from the Poesque tale, whose hero is Roderick Usher, the main "stage," a significant part of its "characters" and "actions," but also some of its deeper motivations.
Her only son, the 30-something Barbu is estranged from her -- Cornelia reports his having said that she and her generation should just disappear.
When America entered World War II, Barbu was working as a railroad brakeman.
In 1964, after acquaintance with Hormander's contributions to PDEs, Viorel Barbu started his consistent research work in this field.
If Grant had to guess based on distribution and length of the snout, it's likely either the Barbu or Atlantic threadfin, not the littlescale threadfin.
In aceasta ordine de idei, consideram utila prezentarea unui punct de vedere diferit, al lui Daniel Barbu: << La chute des regimes communistes donc a legue aux societes de l'Europe Centrale et Orientale une mission redoutable: celle de partir a la recherche du peuple, voire de ressusciter la nation comme projet politique a la fois successoral et alternative par rapport a la nation socialiste sans classes.
Barbu portrays the object out of the conventional frame as a fragment of the entire visual space, giving particular emphasis on light and shadow effect which according to the artist, have a constructive function over the object he portrays, and are viewed differently by the public in terms of intensity of light.The AoMirrorsAo project is a product of three years artwork; an element of reflection on the social, cultural and political transformations in contemporary societies.
AaAa In addition to the best marathon runners in Morocco, some 2,000 foreign athletes from 25 countries will hit the road in Marrakech, chairperson of the association "Grand Atlas" Mohamed Knidiri said in a press conference in Casablanca.AaAaAaAa The organising association has offered, besides the winner's prize, to grant prizes to the athletes who will run the marathon distance in less than 2h:10min and those who will break the marathon record (2h 8 min 15sec) for men and (2h 29 min 21s) for women, held by Moroccan Abdelkader El Mouaziz and Romanian Adriana Barbu since 1999 and 1994 respectively.