barley


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barley,

annual cereal plant (Hordeum vulgare and sometimes other species) of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family), cultivated by humans probably as early as any cereal. It was known to the ancient Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and Egyptians and was the chief bread material in Europe as late as the 16th cent. It has a wide range of cultivation and matures even at high altitudes, since its growing period is short; however, it cannot withstand hot and humid climates. Today barley is typically a special-purpose grain with many varieties rather than a general market crop. It is a valuable stock feed (often as a corn substitute) and is used for malting when the grain is of high quality. It is a minor source of flour and breakfast foods. Pearl barley is often used in soups. In the Middle East a limited amount of barley is eaten like rice. In the United States most spring barley comes from the western states and most winter barley is grown in the southeastern states for autumn and spring pasture and as a cover crop. Barley is subject to several diseases including smut and rust. Barley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.

barley

[′bär·lē]
(botany)
A plant of the genus Hordeum in the order Cyperales that is cultivated as a grain crop; the seed is used to manufacture malt beverages and as a cereal.

barley

1. any of various erect annual temperate grasses of the genus Hordeum, esp H. vulgare, that have short leaves and dense bristly flower spikes and are widely cultivated for grain and forage
2. the grain of any of these grasses, used in making beer and whisky and for soups, puddings, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Barley is also popularly used as an ingredient to ferment alcohol, such as whiskey and beer.
A study by the James Hutton Institute ( JHI) claims this may wipe thousands of tons from barley yields every year.
The work has also highlighted the importance of growers comparing the risk for different varieties and ensuring barley crops at critical growth stages have adequate access to potassium and copper, as crops deficient in these nutrients were found to be much more prone to the issue.
In the Gobustan region, all 9,382 hectares sown with barley have been harvested, and 21,948 out of 22,258 hectares sown with wheat have been collected.
NB: Barley Australia is an Association of member companies.
Barley malt extract is available in powdered as well as liquid form in the market and can be utilized directly by the end consumer without any processing.
Summary: Barley malt extract is available in powdered as well as liquid form in the market and can be utilized directly by the end consumer without any processing.
(TAP) -- Tunisia's barley imports from the Romanian market have increased 270% this season 2018/2019, compared to last season (101.5 KMT against 27.5 KMT in July-June 2017/18 MY), said UkrAgroConsult.com, a Ukrainian agency analysing the global agricultural market.
Toby Joe Barley, a Virginia inmate proceeding pro se, Barley alleges that two jail nurses, Jennifer Lowe and Haley Neel, were deliberately indifferent to his pain while he was undergoing a skin treatment intended to kill mites.
Barley drinks are common in this part of the world to combat fatigue and dehydration in the summer, even stretching back to olden days, when farmers would crush barley with sugar to make a healthy and replenishing drink.
A major grain supplier is developing a new market for Eastern Idaho barley farmers, who have endured recent cuts to their contracted malt barley acreage.
- Tibet Autonomous Region in southwest China has designated highland barley and wheat plantation areas to improve farming efficiency and ensure grain output.