barley


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barley,

annual cereal plant (Hordeum vulgare and sometimes other species) of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family), cultivated by humans probably as early as any cereal. It was known to the ancient Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and Egyptians and was the chief bread material in Europe as late as the 16th cent. It has a wide range of cultivation and matures even at high altitudes, since its growing period is short; however, it cannot withstand hot and humid climates. Today barley is typically a special-purpose grain with many varieties rather than a general market crop. It is a valuable stock feed (often as a corn substitute) and is used for malting when the grain is of high quality. It is a minor source of flour and breakfast foods. Pearl barley is often used in soups. In the Middle East a limited amount of barley is eaten like rice. In the United States most spring barley comes from the western states and most winter barley is grown in the southeastern states for autumn and spring pasture and as a cover crop. Barley is subject to several diseases including smut and rust. Barley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.

barley

[′bär·lē]
(botany)
A plant of the genus Hordeum in the order Cyperales that is cultivated as a grain crop; the seed is used to manufacture malt beverages and as a cereal.

barley

1. any of various erect annual temperate grasses of the genus Hordeum, esp H. vulgare, that have short leaves and dense bristly flower spikes and are widely cultivated for grain and forage
2. the grain of any of these grasses, used in making beer and whisky and for soups, puddings, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Barley is also rich in phytonutrients known as lignans, compounds that appear to help ward some cancers.
Jailing Barley, Mrs Justice Carr said he had carried out "a vicious and unprovoked attack".
Birmingham Crown Court was told Barley - who was given food, friendship and shelter by Mrs Wilkinson - waited through the night until her husband Peter left the house to walk his dog before entering the unlocked property.
Kathmandu [Nepal], September 21 ( ANI ): The biggest Hindu festival of Nepal, Dashain, began on Thursday with the sowing of maize and barley in a jar filled with soil and cow dung for the germination of the sowed grains - known as "Jamara" (the barley shoots).
As a result of volatility in corn and wheat prices in Chinese market, feed manufacturers have shown interest in using imported barley as an alternative energy source to be incorporated into pig diets in situations where there is a price advantage for barley over corn and wheat.
Barley and other cereal grains and legumes contain a form of phosphorus called "phytate.
One of the rules of intercalation was that by the beginning of the first month (Nisan), barley had to be ripe enough.
Nevertheless, based on the first quarter of the season, barley exports from Ukraine are 1.
After responding to a trespassing call about a suspicious person in a tent, campus police encountered Barley and learned his story.
Eating barley and foods containing barley resulted in a seven percent reduction in the levels of two types of "bad" cholesterol associated with cardiovascular risk, according to research published June 8,2016 in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Khawla Barley, founder of Goals UAE which conducts inclusion-based programmes for autist Image Credit: Anjana Sankar/XPRESS Woman with a mission.