barley

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barley,

annual cereal plant (Hordeum vulgare and sometimes other species) of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family), cultivated by humans probably as early as any cereal. It was known to the ancient Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and Egyptians and was the chief bread material in Europe as late as the 16th cent. It has a wide range of cultivation and matures even at high altitudes, since its growing period is short; however, it cannot withstand hot and humid climates. Today barley is typically a special-purpose grain with many varieties rather than a general market crop. It is a valuable stock feed (often as a corn substitute) and is used for malting when the grain is of high quality. It is a minor source of flour and breakfast foods. Pearl barley is often used in soups. In the Middle East a limited amount of barley is eaten like rice. In the United States most spring barley comes from the western states and most winter barley is grown in the southeastern states for autumn and spring pasture and as a cover crop. Barley is subject to several diseases including smut and rust. Barley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.

barley

[′bär·lē]
(botany)
A plant of the genus Hordeum in the order Cyperales that is cultivated as a grain crop; the seed is used to manufacture malt beverages and as a cereal.

barley

1. any of various erect annual temperate grasses of the genus Hordeum, esp H. vulgare, that have short leaves and dense bristly flower spikes and are widely cultivated for grain and forage
2. the grain of any of these grasses, used in making beer and whisky and for soups, puddings, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It has complex flavours of bruised apple, barley sugar and bitter marmalade, befitting a perfect accompaniment for pudding.
I liked barley sugar, cola cubes, sherbet lemons, and chewy fruit salad sweets, which were four for a penny.
It combines smoothness, creamy depth, stylish barley sugar and chocolate touches with a nod or three towards maltiness without being overpowered by it.
Las Moras Late Harvest Viognier has all of the requisite flavours of dessert wine - barley sugar, acacia honey and orange marmalade yet doesn't have the cloying viscosity.
Honey, barley sugar and a lovely chalkiness - a great vintage, unusually intense and ripe for a Kabinett.
THIS is a good example of a drop leaf dining table with a gate leg action and the added decoration in the form of barley sugar twist legs.
The Szepsy 6 putts 1991, is like a weighty botrytisladen apricot and peach syrup, with rich lingering flavours of cooked barley sugar and spice.
Mr Wiltshire will probably also remember some of the other things they sell - coltsfoot rock, striped humbugs and barley sugar twists.
Boosters for the boiled category have come from the launch of Polo Tangy Fruits and Needlers Barley Sugar Drops.
Enjoy its skilful balance that wraps toast, barley sugar and chocolate flavours in a mellow, rounded texture.
40 (280m): Barley Sugar (3), Mister Max (3), Danny Dee (2), Grannie (2), Mo''s Blue (2), Keg (scr).