This concept was later replaced by the baroclinic
instability paradigm, which describes the development of a surface front as a consequence of the growing cyclone rather than its cause.
TRANSFORMATION OF THE BAROCLINIC
INTERNAL TIDE INTO A SOLIBORE
2005) over a field of Eulerian currents obtained from a three-dimensional baroclinic
circulation model (HAMSOM) adapted to the GC by Marinone (2003, 2008).
The model used a three-dimensional (3-D), primitive equation, time-dependent finite-difference algorithm with vertical sigma coordinates, boundary fitted curvilinear grid, a split time step for the solution of the baroclinic
3-D mode and the barotropic 2-D mode, and an embedded Mellor-Yamada second-order turbulence closure model that provided vertical mixing coefficients.
This is a ripe area for development of a new low, and we refer to this area as baroclinic
Atlantic water recirculation is characterized by strong mesoscale variability and frequent occurrences of baroclinic
eddies with diameters on the order of 10 km and timescales from a few days to a few weeks.
flows, transports, and kinematic properties in a cyclonic-anticyclonic-cyclonic ring triad in the Gulf of Mexico.
For instance, Garcia-Serrano et al (2013) have shown a baroclinic
response and a barotropic circumglobal response from Atmospheric General Circulation (AGCM) sensitivity experiments when imposing warmer/colder conditions over the Mediterranean Sea.
Following the experiences of operational numerical sea level forecasting, based on 2D shallow water equations, Germany's Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) implemented a three-dimensional (3D) baroclinic
forecast model BSHcmod at the beginning of 1990s .
Dynamical equilibrium had probably not been achieved during the first day of baroclinic
The chapters address theories of baroclinic
adjustment and eddy equilibrium, thermal stratification of the extratropical troposphere, storm track dynamics, eddy-mediated interactions between low latitudes and the extratropics, quasi-equilibrium dynamics of the tropical atmosphere, simple models of ensemble-averaged tropical precipitation and surface wind, dynamical constraints on monsoon circulations, moist dynamics of tropical convection zones in monsoons and global warming, challenges in numerical modeling of tropical circulations, and challenges to the understand of general circulation and abrupt climate change.
boundary conditions of the Orlanski type are used at the open ports, where the velocities have been nudged toward observed values.